Hazelnuts are commonly consumed raw and are valued for their numerous health benefits and antioxidant properties. Increased foodborne illness outbreaks associated with Salmonella and Escherichia coli O157:H7 contamination of tree nuts and peanuts generate a need for improving agricultural sanitation procedures. Food-safe chemical sanitizers have shown promise for reducing pathogenic...
Pacific whiting (Merluccius productus) is the most abundant
groundfish species off the California, Oregon and Washington Coasts.
The fish are mainly used as a raw material for the production of surimi.
However, it is not economically wise to depend only on one product.
There is a need to diversify the...
Both liquid and solid wastes from Pacific whiting surimi manufacturing were
characterized and value-added products were recovered. A proteinase in surimi wash
water (SWW) was determined to be cathepsin L with Mr 54,200 on SDS-substrate gel.
Heat treatment and acidification shifted the activity zone to M [subscript r] 39,500. No...
Intrinsic characteristics of Pacific sardines were determined. The lipid content
in sardines was initially low (6.79%) in the beginning ofthe season, increased to
22.95% in mid-August, and decreased slightly by the end of September. An inverse
correlation (R² = -0.90) was found between lipid and moisture content. Analysis
The characteristics of Northern squawfish
(Ptychocheilus oregonensis) and the feasibility of utilization
of this species for human consumption were investigated. In
the first experimental phase, the iced storage characteristics
of squawfish were determined. Quality changes were monitored
over 24 days of storage by chemical, physical, microbiological
and sensorial methods of...
Shrimp waste samples were extracted with a variety of organic solvents. Each fraction was measured for antioxidant activity by determining the rate of oxidation of β-carotene-linoleic acid in an emulsion system. An ethanol extract exhibited the highest antioxidant activity. Purification of the most active fraction was accomplished by thin layer...
The effect of salt (0, 0.9, 1.7, 2.5%) and pH (range 4
to 10) on surimi gels made from Pacific Whiting (Merluccius
productus) was investigated. Gel-forming ability was measured
by the torsion test. In general, surimi gels
increased in gel strength with increased pH. Breaking shear
stress increased to a...
Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas), Alaska pink salmon (Oncorynchus
gorbuscha) roe and chum salmon (Oncorynchus keta) fillets were treated with
aqueous ozone in both pilot plant and commercial settings to determine its effect on
shelf-life and microbial changes. The microbial quality was analyzed by conducting
pyschrotrophic and coliform plate counts on...
Cryoprotection in stabilized mince from Pacific whiting (Merluccius productus)
was investigated by monitoring changes in physical and chemical properties during 32
weeks of frozen storage. The effects of 4 different cryoprotectants were evaluated by
torsion test, color analysis, extractability of salt soluble proteins, and formation of
dimethylamine (DMA) and 2-thiobarbituric...