Wheat stripe rust (WSR), also called yellow rust of wheat (Tricitum spp.), causal agent Puccinia striiformis f.sp. tritici (Pst), is a foliar disease of major economic importance on wheat, especially grown in temperate locations. WSR causes major losses of wheat yield, estimated at nearly $ 1 billion per year, and...
Fungicide resistance has become an increasing problem in North American populations of Zymoseptoria tritici, the causal agent of septoria leaf blotch of wheat. The goal of this experiment was to determine whether Z. tritici’s resistance to one azole fungicide would predict resistance in other fungicides within the same family. Cross-resistance...
Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is one of the major crops produced in the U.S. Pacific Northwest, a region known for its wheat production for international export. Wheat production in the region is threatened by diseases such as Cephalosporium stripe and stripe rust. Cephalosporium stripe is a vascular wilt disease of...
Two experiments involving interactions between wheat
(Triticum aesitivium L.) cultivars and rust pathogens were
investigated. One experiment evaluated the aggressiveness
(measured by infection efficiency and latent period) of
populations of Puccinia recondita Rob. when inoculated on
the cultivar they were isolated from, their "own" cultivar,
and when inoculated onto other...
This study quantified the frequency of simple versus
complex races of Puccinia striiformis Westend. in mixtures
of wheat cultivars possessing different race-specific
resistance genes. A simple race of a pathogen can infect
only one component, and a complex race of the pathogen can
infect two or more components of an...
Experiments were performed to determine the nature of
maize influence on bean disease in additive-type
intercrops. Overall effects of intercrops on angular leaf
spot (caused by Phaeoisariopsis griseola) in Kenya
indicated >23% reductions (P<0.05) in area under the
disease progress curve (AUDPC) in two of three season-site
combinations. Fertilization tended...
Disease has been implied as an important selective
force acting in plant populations. This study was
conducted to determine the effects of stripe rust (Puccinia
striiformis) on the population dynamics of wheat (Triticum
aestivum) cultivar mixtures.
Five wheat cultivars were grown in pure stands and all
possible mixtures at three...
Most plant toxicology tests developed in support of environmental laws use a single stress applied to an individual plant. While tests using individual species or stresses require fewer resources and are easier to interpret, they are under increasing criticism for being unrealistic and missing important ecological interactions. The objective of...
Cephalosporium stripe of wheat (Triticum aestivum),
caused by the soilborne fungus Cephalosporium gramineum,
results in significant yield reductions in dryland winter
wheat crops of the U.S. Pacific Northwest. The
development of resistant cultivars offers the best hope
for disease control. Breeding for resistance is hampered
by the long trial times...