Poet John Haines is best known for his first book of
poetry, Winter News, which was published in 1966. The book
contains poems about the Alaskan landscape that surrounded
Haines during his many years of living in Richardson,
Alaska. The recurring motifs in his poems include hunting,
trapping, the Arctic...
In animals, reproductive behaviors serve to attract individuals together during the
breeding season and to coordinate the behavioral and physiological states of individuals
so that mating can successfully occur. In snakes, the various reproductive behaviors
including courtship, mating, courtship inhibition, male combat and trailing are mediated
primarily by pheromones. Pheromones...
Pheromones are chemical cues produced by organisms that affect the behavior
and/or physiology of conspecifics. The orchestration of reproductive behaviors in many
animals depends on the expression of sex pheromones. In insects, intraspecific variation
in sex pheromone expression is commonly observed and often influences social
interactions between individuals. To what...
Carnivores have disproportionate effects in ecological systems but understanding their exact influences on ecosystems is a matter of great complexity and debate. Predators directly impact prey by killing them, and indirectly by modifying their behavior in response to predation risk. Yet how species interact, both among members of a carnivore...