Two separate studies were conducted during this research
project. Oysters were irradiated with 500 and 1000 rads and 5, 10,
20, 50, 75, 100, 150, and 200 krads in the first study in order to
determine the effects of ionizing radiation on survival and growth
rates. Two periods of high...
The effects of exposure to suspended silt, kaolin and fuller's
earth on growth and condition of Pacific oysters, 16 months of age,
were studied. The exposure apparatus maintained a continuous flow
of turbid water through chambers containing test oysters. Additional
studies measured the filtration rates of oysters exposed to suspended...
Many environmental factors influence cardiovascular and
respiratory activities of crustaceans. The effects of natural
stressors (hypoxia, low salinity, high temperature) have been well
studied, but the effects of pollutants upon these two organ systems
have received less attention. The presence of the pesticide
carbaryl (Sevin, Union Carbide, Inc.) and its...
The growth and production of brown trout, Salmo trutta Linnaeus, exposed to a concentration of 0.65 mg/l BOD (4.1 percent by volume) stabilized kraft mill effluent (KME) were studied from October 1973 until May 1974 in three experimental stream channels located near a kraft mill in Albany, Oregon. Growth rate...
Predator-prey interactions, as measured by the consumption
and growth rates of a predator (Micropterus salmoides) and by the
observed activities of both predator and prey (Gambusia affinis),
were found to be sensitive to sublethal levels of ammonium chloride
(reported as unionized ammonia NH₃).
One bass and 15, 30, 60 or...
Sixteen populations of guppies (Poecilia reticulata) were established
in laboratory aquariums. Eight populations were exposed to
dieldrin at a mean concentration of 0.525 ppb in the water and 2.11
ppm in the food, tubificid worms. Eight populations received control
water and food. All populations were fed three grams of tubificid...
A series of log storage experiments were conducted to determine
whether leachates derived from water storage of logs are acutely
toxic to fish. Log segments approximately 18 inches long and 16 inches
in diameter were stored in tanks and held submerged for a period of
7 days. The holding water...