The use of a permeable membrane to mechanically constrain a film of water with an area of 12 cm² and a thickness of 150 μm in a gas/liquid contactor was investigated. The membrane separated the vapor and liquid phases, and a stiffener
plate made from a gas-permeable material was used...
Hot engine exhaust and industrial process exhaust represents a resource that is often rejected to the environment without further utilization. This resource is prevalent in the transportation and industrial process sectors, but stationary engine-generator systems also typically do not utilize this resource. Engine exhaust is considered high grade heat and...
The current proliferation of portable electronic devices for personal
communication, business and entertainment has created a demand for high energy density
power supplies. A hydrocarbon fuel with a conversion efficiency of over
15% can provide greater energy density than current battery technology for these
applications. Current micro-scale heat engines do...
Techniques have been developed for measuring the
temperature, stable species concentrations, and atomic
radical concentrations during a transient combustion
event. They combine the features of direct sampling with
two spectroscopic techniques to produce relatively simple
diagnostic techniques to obtain time-resolved
measurements. In this study, a transient event was
A Mixed Reactant Single Chamber (MRSC) Fuel Cell is a relatively recent concept in the field of fuel cell engineering originally developed in the late 1950’s. Typical fuel cells have separated reactants (a separated fuel and oxidizer) that react on their usually non-selective electro-catalytic materials. A mixed reactant fuel cell...
The organic Rankine cycle (ORC) is a versatile approach in the utilization of waste heat in the production of electricity, clean drinking water, and cooling. The efficiency of these cycles must be maximized to make them economical. Parameters for the optimization of ORCs such as evaporator and condenser temperature have...
When trace quantities of an alkali element are added to a flame,
its optical and electrical properties change significantly. Addition of
alkali seed to both premixed and diffusion flames has been used in the
development of two new techniques, one for flame temperature measurement
and the other for enhanced mixing....
A miniature reciprocating expander is being developed as part of a larger program
to develop a heat actuated heat pump for portable applications. By utilizing the higher
energy density of liquid hydrocarbon fuels relative to batteries, a heat actuated heat pump
would be able to provide cooling for much longer...