Drop size distributions produced by the turbulent pipe flow of
dispersions of immiscible liquids were measured photographically.
A mathematical model was developed which predicted both the shape
of the experimentally observed distributions and the experimentally
observed kinetics of the breakup process.
The mutually saturated water and organic phases were pumped...
Centrifugal irrigation pumps discharge fluids at high velocities that must be slowed
to minimize energy losses due to friction. Pipe expansions make the transition to larger
pipes associated with slower velocities. Expansions convert the upstream velocity head
to static head in the downstream pipe. The transition to a larger pipe...