The symbiotic relationship between cnidarians, such as corals and
sea anemones, and dinoflagellates plays a crucial role in supporting
the diversity and productivity of coral reefs. Critical to the symbiosis
is the recognition process between host and symbiont at the onset
of symbiosis, which involves the host innate immune system....
This paper is the record of an exploration of two quadratic
number fields. The first section is devoted to the field with elements
of the form a +b√3 where a and b are rational numbers.
This field contains an integral domain in which unique factorization
holds. The second section is...
Cranberry plants require proper amounts of certain chemical elements from air, water, and soil to ensure adequate vegetative growth and fruit production. When levels of these nutrients in the plant are low, growth and yield may be affected.