Current reforms emphasize the development of scientific literacy as the
principal goal of science education. The nature of science is considered a critical
component of scientific literacy and is assumed to be an important factor in decision
making on science and technology based issues. However, little research exists that
Published January 1973. Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid. Please look for up-to-date information in the OSU Extension Catalog: http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog
Instructional time for social studies in elementary classrooms has decreased
since the passage of Goals 2000 and No Child Left Behind, with content contracted to align with reading goals. Consequently, opportunities for preservice teachers to observe and teach social studies lessons have diminished. This qualitative multiple case study examines the...
Research in the aviation domain, driving distractions, anesthesia
administration, and nuclear power plant control rooms show that Concurrent Task
Management (CTM) is a process that every human operator performs when
interacting with complex environments. The need for understanding concurrent task
management in a broader perspective more applicable and generalizable to...
Concurrent Task Management (CTM) can be defined as the process that human operators of complex systems perform to allocate their attention among multiple, simultaneous tasks. A challenge of CTM research is to create an experimental environment which is complex enough to model a real world multitasking situation. Also, this system...
An extensive literature survey investigated methods and approaches
for evaluating intangible economic factors at the strategic
and tactical levels of managerial decision making. These sources
provided: 1) the background for a theoretical decision making
algorithm developed for comparing alternative economic proposals
for effectiveness at the strategy levels, and 2) a...
Research suggests that entrepreneurs tend to seek to maximize utility when considering whether to pursue a new venture opportunity. However, when choosing whether to persist with their current venture or not, utility maximization may not be of primary importance. Using a conjoint experiment, we examine the difference between policies in...
Natural resource decisions require consideration at many levels, ranging from
how one invertebrate will be affected by a nearby road, to how an entire watershed
will be transformed by a massive clearcut. Considerations reach farther than just the
local ecological community-human communities, economies, and future impacts on
the communities and...
Management decisions are generally considered to be made
under one of three categories of future knowledge: certainty, risk,
or uncertainty. All three categories occur in forest management.
However, forest management decisions whose outcomes are dependent
upon future levels of timber yields, prices, utilization standards,
or social and legal institutions are...
Occurrence of human error in highly complex systems, such as a cockpit, can be
disastrous and/or overwhelmingly costly. Mismanagement of multiple concurrent
tasks has been observed by researchers to be a type of repetitive human error in
previous studies of accidents and incidents. This error may occur in the form...