Determination of the source and fate of natural (higher plant lipids, marine
lipids, etc.) and anthropogenically (e.g., petroleum, coal emissions) derived
hydrocarbons and oxygenated compounds in the environment was accomplished
using gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)
to characterize or identify molecular biomarkers to be utilized as tracers....
Sources of polar/water-soluble organic compounds conjunctly with apolar
biomarkers were characterized in natural organic matter. This multi-biomarker
approach was accomplished by a simple analytical method consisting of extraction
with dichloromethane:methanol (2:1, v/v), silylation and analysis by gaschromatography-
mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Polar and apolar biomarkers, derived
mainly from higher plants and...