Woody biomass transportation costs and market values/costs are strongly correlated with the woody biomass moisture content. Properly managing moisture content can potentially lead to economic and environmental advantages in biomass energy markets. Good management requires accurate moisture content measurements. Therefore, availability of accurate, precise, reliable, and efficient tools to assess...
Soil moisture in a crop's root zone must be regularly
monitored to accurately predict crop water requirements.
Most irrigation scheduling services currently
use the neutron probe to monitor soil moisture. Unfortunately,
there is a degree of variability associated
with use of the neutron probe creating uncertainty in
measurements of soil...
Water conservation and water quality are rapidly increasing in importance in all areas of the world. The ability to accurately measure soil water content and salinity, over a wide variety of conditions, is key to meeting this need. A set of forward prediction models and waveform interpretation algorithms to extract...
Heat and water vapor flow in summer-fallowed fields in the
Pacific Northwest may significantly affect the position and supply of
water for germination of fall sown crops. New tillage tools and
drill openers used in reduced tillage systems leave a trashy, residue covered surface in contrast to the traditional bare...
Soil water content and water potential are two important parameters in
determining the status of water in the soil. Improvement in the ability to measure these
parameters by way of increased speed, accuracy, resolution, imaging volume, ease of
automation, as well as reduced calibration requirements and reduced soil disturbance
Soil solution samplers have certain inadequacies that limit their range of
possible applications. Passive Capillary Samplers (PCAPS), which apply suction to the
soil pore-water via a fiber glass wick, have shown promising results in preliminary
experiments in regard to collection efficiency of water and of bromide tracers. The
One of many important physical properties that must be known
to understand transport phenomena in soils is pore size distribution.
Presently the pore size distributions of soils are most commonly
obtained from soil water characteristic curves. The soil water characteristic
curves are usually obtained by the pressure plate technique.