Published November 1983. Facts and recommendations in this publication may no longer be valid. Please look for up-to-date information in the OSU Extension Catalog: http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog
Four studies were conducted on late-summer diet quality and quantity of cattle (Bos taurus), mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus hemionus), and elk (Cervus elaphus) in response to prior grazing by cattle and elk on mixed-conifer rangelands and on related research techniques. In our first study we assessed a photographic technique to...
Nutritional ecology of unhunted and sympatric populations of
Roosevelt elk, Cervus elaphus roosevelti, and Columbian black-tailed
deer, Odocoileus hemionus columbianus, was investigated in old-growth
forests of the Hoh Valley in Olympic National Park, Washington, from
September 1979 to November 1981. Seasonal diets of both cervids
generally were comprised of common...
This research provides information on the distribution of an
unexploited Roosevelt elk population in unaltered habitat in Olympic
National Park. Radio-telemetry was used to document home range and
habitat use by 11 adult cow elk in the Hoh Valley during March 1978,
from 10 June-15 September 1978, and from 1...
Onsite wastewater treatment systems (OWTS; septic systems, compost toilets, etc.) used to treat wastewater in rural areas have the potential to contaminate groundwater (that is used as a water source) with nitrate. There have been decades of scientific and political conflicts concerning the issue of nitrate from OWTS (NOWTS, pronounced...
I measured responses of free-ranging Rocky Mountain elk (Cervus elaphus) to
recreational disturbance at Starkey Experimental Forest and Range, Oregon from
April to October, 2003 and 2004. Resting, feeding, and travel activities of 13 cow elk
were recorded at 5-minute intervals using Actiwatch™ motion sensors. Elk were
subjected to four...
In the 1980s, resource managers were increasingly concerned about effects of timber harvest on ungulates in National Forests. Land and resource management plans incorporated restrictions on timber harvest to maintain cover for Rocky Mountain elk
(CeNus e/aphus ne/soni V. Bailey) and mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus hemionus RafinesqueJ, and habitat models...