The study involves the establishment, management, and behavioral
observations of Nomia melanderi Cockerell and Megachile rotundata
(Fabricius) in California, a survey of native bees within western Fresno
County, a determination of selfing and/or parthenocarpy in two fields of
alfalfa, and observations on the honeybee as an alfalfa pollinator.
The leaf- cutter bee Megachile rotundata (Fabricius) is an important
alfalfa pollinator in western North America.
This study was designed to provide information on methods of
orientation used by M. rotundata in order to make recommendations
regarding the parameters within which adult nesting populations may
Preliminary studies suggest...
Out of 53 queens captured for initiating colonies in the
laboratory, 33 laid eggs (62 percent), 29 of these produced colonies
(55 percent), and 14 produced queens (26 percent). A behavioral model
depicts the activities of queens from spring emergence through colony
development. A discussion of its application to bumble...
Loss of early instar Douglas-fir tussock moth (Orgyia pseudotsugata McDunnough) (DFTM) has been found to constitute 66-92% of intra-generation mortality and to be a key factor in inter-generation population change. This death has been attributed to dispersal and to arthropod predation, two factors previously judged more important to an endemic...
Interactions between Bacillus sphaericus and Bacillus
thuringiensis israelensis (Bti), persistence of insecticidal
activity in the mosquito habitat, and suitability of enzyme-linked
immunoabsorbent assay (ELISA) for detecting and
quantifying bacterial endotoxin in the mosquito habitat were
investigated. Interactions between the two bacterial
species were examined by laboratory and field bioassays with...
Thirteen New World populations of Megachile rotundata and M. apicalis and
two Old World populations of M. rotundata were analyzed at 23 enzyme loci using
cellulose acetate electrophoresis. Conventional and G- or C-banded karyotypes were
also examined in these populations. The principal findings are (1) No differences
were found in...
The behaviors of the alfalfa leaf cutter bee - seed
production system under imposition of several management
regimes were studied through the use of a simulation
model that contains mechanisms for the following
processes: 1) immature bee development and diapause; 2)
immature bee mortality; 3) female bee emergence; 4)
Climate change impacts everyone’s food and water security. Increasing global temperatures accelerate the hydrologic cycle and consequently impact the water resources for billions of people worldwide. Countless models have been developed to represent various components of the hydrologic cycle at various spatial and temporal scales. These are often validated against...
The knowledge about the intensive agricultural irrigation is very limited, but the use of irrigation is rapidly increasing. As an outcome, the sympathetic ecosystem is accepting modern irrigation that will play an essential function in the present and future for agricultural products. My dissertation will display the modification for investigation...