Many diseases cause a heavier burden on women than on men; however, treatment guidelines are based largely on data on men (NCBI, 2012). It becomes obvious that certain differences in genetics between men and women account for specific sex-related diseases, but there is too spare research focus on that issue....
The remodeling of the central nervous system (CNS) during metamorphosis in
Drosophila melanogaster is a prime model system in which to study the genetic control
of the sexual dimorphisms in the abdominal ganglion of the CNS. I have been using a
P[tau-lacZ] enhancer trap line, 4.078, to label a segmentally...
CantonS wild-type flies were used to determine sex-specific differences in the daily
locomotor activity patterns in males and females. Under light entrainment, when flies are
kept in a 12:12 light-dark condition, both males and females showed bimodal activity
with a morning peak around lights-on and an evening peak around lights...
Courtship and copulation behaviors in Drosophila melanogaster males are
regulated by sex-specific products from the gene fruitless (fru). Male-specific FRU
proteins (FRU[superscript M]) are putative transcription factors of the BTB-ZnF family that likely
act by controlling development and maintenance of the neural circuitry used during
male sexual behavior. However, which...
The fruitless (fru) gene in Drosophila melanogaster is a multifunctional
gene having sex-specific functions in the regulation of male sexual behavior and
sex-nonspecific functions affecting adult viability and external morphology. While
much attention has focused on fru's sex-specific roles, little is known about its sex-nonspecific
functions. The embryonic central nervous...
With human activity causing increases in turbidity in coastal marine waters, it is of economic and ecological importance to understand how this increase will affect organisms living in these areas. At most risk may be predators, such as many teleosts and cephalopods, reliant on vision to detect and capture prey....
Circadian clocks are internal mechanisms regulating many physiological processes.
Research suggests that the circadian clock may regulate repair of cellular damage caused
by reactive oxygen species (ROS), but molecular pathways from the clock to ROS repair
are not known. The gene cncC, known in mammals as Nrf2, and its repressor...
Heartwood can have properties that are distinct from sapwood,
including resistance to insect and microbial attack. Despite the practical
importance of heartwood formation in trees, a review of the literature revealed
that little was known about the effects of environmental factors on heartwood
quality or how variations in heartwood properties...
This perspectives paper uses the seminal Goodchild (1992) article as a lens through which to review and reflect upon several longstanding issues that have influenced the field of geographic information science in the past and will continue to be important at least into the next decade. Under the category of...