Four buoyant plumes were produced within a laboratory convectively
mixed layer from a source height of about z[subscript s] = 0.15 h,
where h is the height of the convectively mixed layer. The
projected images of these plumes in the X-Z plane were analyzed
using a densitometer (photomultiplier tube) to...
Detailed current profiles between the sediment-water interface
and 20 cm above it reveal a viscous sublayer in the bottom boundary
layer on the Oregon continental shelf. Data from three field experiments
are used to test fundamental assumptions about boundary layer
flow in the ocean. The first study, discussed in Chapter...
This thesis examines the mechanisms that couple the monthly-averaged
atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) to open-ocean sea surface temperature (SST)
perturbations on scales of 50-500 km. The observed positive correlation between
surface wind speed anomalies and SST anomalies is successfully simulated using
the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model.
Atmospheric boundary layers become stably stratified at night over land when the surface becomes colder than the air layer above. In stable nocturnal boundary layers (SNBL), turbulence becomes weak and intermittent, terrain-induced phenomena such as drainage currents or gravity-waves emerge and the surface heterogeneity is enhanced. Because of their complexity...
The Generation IV Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) design is being actively
studied in various countries for application due to its inherent passive safe design,
higher thermal efficiencies, and proposed capability of providing high temperature
process heat. The pebble bed core is one of two core designs used in gas...
Weak-wind flow in the nocturnal boundary is one of the most poorly understood problems in the field of meteorology. The understanding of weak-wind flows is essential for the improvement of regulatory dispersion models which are currently rendered invalid under weak-wind conditions and stable stratification. Recently there have been increased efforts...
An investigation was made to test the method of Head on the
flow about a circular cylinder with suction. The method of Head is an
approximate method of obtaining solutions to the boundary layer equations.
The method was adapted to the digital computer to facilitate
performing the calculations, and a...
Sisson's formally exact series solution for momentum, heat and
mass transfer in steady two-dimensional or axi-symmetrical constant-property,
laminar boundary layer flow was examined. A new series
was proposed for the boundary condition accounting for the mass
transfer at the surface of the body on which the boundary layer is
The very stable boundary layer is a region of the atmosphere typified by large
vertical gradients of temperature and momentum. Analysis of very stable atmospheric
flows is complicated by the presence of nonlinear interactions among gravity waves, shear-driven
overturning circulations, two-dimensional vortical modes and intermittent turbulence
in various stages of...