This study seeks to estimate and compare tax burdens for hypothetical
families assumed to reside in each of the eleven contiguous
Western states--Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana,
Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming. The
estimates are made for a wide range of incomes--from $3,500 to
$50,000--in each state....
Open field burning is the lowest-cost method of harvest residue
disposal used extensively by grass seed producers in the Willamette
Valley of Oregon. The beneficial effects of open field burning include
effective disease control and increased seed yields. However, smoke
produced by open burning in the late summer pollutes valley...
People of all ages and ethnicities implicitly use others’ facial characteristics to evaluate their personalities. The field of person perception has identified several mechanisms through which one’s facial appearance may be associated with one’s behavior. For example, a person with an untrustworthy-looking face may elicit negative reactions from social partners,...
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) is a mood disorder that is characterized by depressive symptoms that onset and remit at the same times each year. Whereas few people (about 1%) experience problems severe enough to be labeled SAD, many people (estimates range from 30%-90%) may experience mild to moderate changes in...
Seasonality is defined as a change in mood and behavior with the seasons. Research shows there is a possible connection between vitamin D levels and mood (Murphy & Wagner, 2008; Lansdowne & Provost, 1998). Given that vitamin D is produced when skin is exposed to sunlight and varies with sun...
A two-dimensional numerical mesoscale model, which ic1udes
radiative and turbulent transfers, has been constructed to study the
formation, development and dissipation of coastal stratus cloud
under an inversion. In the model, the delta-Eddington and emissivity
approximations are used for the solar and thermal radiative
transfers, respectively. K-theory parameterization is adopted...
Single-strain cultures of Streptococcus cremoris, Streptococcus
lactis, Streptococcus diacetilactis, and Leuconostoc citrovorum produced
little or no acetone and no dimethyl sulfide when grown in milk
culture. These organisms had little or no ability to decarboxylate
antexogenous source of acetoacetic acid nor were they capable of
producing dimethyl sulfide from methyl...
The malty flavor defect produced by Streptococcus lactis var.
maltigenes has been the cause of considerable economic distress to
various segments of the dairy industry. This study was conducted
in order to develop a more thorough understanding of the chemical
nature of this defect, and to formulate a synthetic malty...