Acremonium coenophialum is an endophytic fungus which infects
the reproductive and vegetative tissue of tall fescue. Interest in
this fungus was sparked by research which linked its presence in
tall fescue with reduced weight gains and alkaloid-like poisoning
in cattle. Incomplete information was available on the endophyte's
life or disease...
Tall fescue is thought to have co-evolved with the fungal endophyte Acremonium coenophialum to form a mutualistic relationship. Endophyte-infected (EI) plants can have increased growth and survival when compared with endophyte-free (EF) plants. Responses to endophyte-infection vary and are host-genotype and fungal-biotype specific. Mechanism(s) by which endophyte-infection confers increased growth...
The effects of alfaxalone (A-HPCD), propofol (P), ketamine-diazepam (KD) and tiletamine-zolazepam (TZ) administered IV in dogs on cardiovascular and respiratory systems, acid-base balance and electrolytes have been reported in the literature, but a study that compares IV TZ to the other induction protocols (IP) is needed. Six dogs enrolled in...
Radish anthocyanin extract has potential as a natural colorant because of
its pigment stability and attractive red hue. Presence of undesirable aroma
compounds could limit its applications in foods. The pungent principle of
radish, 4-methylthio-3-butenyl isothiocyanate (MTBI), is produced
enzymatically upon cell injury from its glucosinolate precursor, 4-methylthio-3-butenyl glucosinolate (MTBG),...
American meteorology was synonymous with subjective weather forecasting in the early twentieth century. Controlled by the Weather Bureau and with no academic programs of its own, the few hundred extant meteorologists had no standing in the scientific community. Until the American Meteorological Society was founded in 1919, meteorologists had no...
The distribution of total phenolics, antioxidant capacity, monomeric
anthocyanin, and ascorbic acid contents in the peel and flesh of Red Delicious,
Granny Smith, and Fuji apples during a six-month storage period were determined.
In addition, the effect of 1-MCP (1-Methyl cyclopropene) on these parameters of
the edible portion of apples...
Maintaining the structural integrity of cell walls
largely determines the texture of fruit products during
freezing processes. Strawberries undergo major textural
changes when frozen, and varietal differences in quality
after thawing are not readily predicted from mechanical
and sensory testing of the fresh fruit. The objectives of
this study were...
This study was conducted to evaluate the influence
of maturity, mold contamination and variety on the color
quality of strawberry wines. Indices for acceptability
were determined using instrumental measurements and
Compositional analyses were done on the fully ripe
and overripe Benton and Totem strawberries. Included were
Apples growing in New Zealand, Argentina, Mexico, Michigan and
Washington were used to provide the compositional data and to
develop the analytical procedures for the use in verification of
authenticity of apple juices.
High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) techniques were
applied for glucose, fructose, sucrose, sorbitol, malic, citric,