Three- or Four-Section Displays for Permissive Left Turns? Some Evidence from a Simulator-Based Analysis of Driver Performance Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/0g354g87d

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • This is an author's peer-reviewed final manuscript, as accepted by the publisher. The published article is copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences and can be found at: https://doi.org/10.3141/2463-01
  • Many jurisdictions are using the flashing yellow arrow (FYA) to control protected/permissive left turns (PPLTs). For cost and other reasons, some jurisdictions have or are considering implementing FYA with a three-section vertical head, displaying the flashing yellow indication in the same signal face as the protected green arrow. The current Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD) permits three-section operation only in height-restricted locations for permissive turns. This paper summarizes the comparison of driver performance with respect to three- and four-section FYA signal configurations gathered in a high-fidelity, motion-based driving simulator with mobile eye-tracking equipment. The experiment controlled for the effects of the opposing traffic, the presence and walking direction of pedestrians, and the signal head arrangement. A 24-intersection simulated environment was created and 27 subjects completed the course, producing 620 permissive left-turn maneuvers for further analysis. Driver performance was measured by 1) average total eye-glance durations at specific areas of interest and 2) the position of the pedestrian in the crosswalk when the driver initiated the left turn. No statistical differences were identified between the average fixation duration when the FYA was presented with a three- or four-section signal head. The pedestrian’s position in the crosswalk when the driver began the left turn was not statistically different for three of the four pedestrian walking directions presented. Overall, it would seem that measureable driver performance is not sensitive to the vertical positioning of the FYA display in the permissive interval.
Resource Type
DOI
Date Available
Date Issued
Citation
  • Hurwitz, D., Monsere, C., Marnell, P., & Paulsen, K. (2014). Three-or Four-Section Displays for Permissive Left Turns? Some Evidence from a Simulator-Based Analysis of Driver Performance. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, (2463), 1-9. doi:10.3141/2463-01
Journal Title
Journal Volume
  • 2463
Journal Issue/Number
  • 1
Academic Affiliation
Rights Statement
Funding Statement (additional comments about funding)
Publisher
Peer Reviewed
Language
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Deanne Bruner(deanne.bruner@oregonstate.edu) on 2015-06-29T19:33:42Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1HurwitzDavidCivilConstructionEngineeringThreeFourSectionDisplaysForPermissiveLeftTurns.pdf: 1254978 bytes, checksum: 8b103e6a4badaeb516833b83618bba2c (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Deanne Bruner (deanne.bruner@oregonstate.edu) on 2015-06-29T19:32:50ZNo. of bitstreams: 1HurwitzDavidCivilConstructionEngineeringThreeFourSectionDisplaysForPermissiveLeftTurns.pdf: 1254978 bytes, checksum: 8b103e6a4badaeb516833b83618bba2c (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2015-06-29T19:33:42Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1HurwitzDavidCivilConstructionEngineeringThreeFourSectionDisplaysForPermissiveLeftTurns.pdf: 1254978 bytes, checksum: 8b103e6a4badaeb516833b83618bba2c (MD5) Previous issue date: 2014

Relationships

Parents:

This work has no parents.

Last modified

Downloadable Content

Download PDF

Items