Relationship between Juvenile Fish Condition and Survival to Adulthood in Steelhead Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/1v53jz70x

To the best of our knowledge, one or more authors of this paper were federal employees when contributing to this work. This is the publisher’s final pdf. The article is copyrighted by the American Fisheries Society and published by Taylor & Francis. It can be found at:  http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/utaf20/current#.U-jq2mPhz5w.

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  • Understanding how individual characteristics are associated with survival is important to programs aimed at recovering fish populations of conservation concern. To evaluate whether individual fish characteristics observed during the juvenile life stage were associated with the probability of returning as an adult, juvenile steelhead Oncorhynchus mykiss from two distinct population segments (DPSs; Snake River and upper Columbia River) were captured, photographed to determine external condition (body injuries, descaling, signs of disease, fin damage, and ectoparasites), measured, classified by rearing type (hatchery, wild), marked with a PIT tag, and released to continue out-migration to the Pacific Ocean during 2007–2010. The PIT tags of returning adults were interrogated in fishways at hydroelectric dams on the lower Columbia River 1–3 years following release as juveniles. Juvenile-to-adult survival models were investigated independently for each DPS and indicated that similar individual fish characteristics were important predictors of survival to adulthood for both steelhead populations. The data analysis provided strong support for survival models that included explanatory variables for fish length, rearing type, and external condition, in addition to out-migration year and timing. The probability of a juvenile surviving to adulthood was positively related to length and was higher for wild fish compared with hatchery fish. Survival was lower for juveniles with body injuries, fin damage, and external signs of disease. Models that included variables for descaling and ectoparasite infestation, however, had less support than those that incorporated measures of body injuries, fin damage, and disease. Overall, results indicated that individual fish characteristics recorded during the juvenile life stage can be used to predict adult survivorship in multiple steelhead populations.
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  • Evans, A. F., Hostetter, N. J., Collis, K., Roby, D. D., & Loge, F. J. (2014). Relationship between Juvenile Fish Condition and Survival to Adulthood in Steelhead. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 143(4), 899-909. doi:10.1080/00028487.2014.901248
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Erin Clark (erin.clark@oregonstate.edu) on 2014-08-11T16:11:22Z No. of bitstreams: 1 RobyDanielFisheriesWildlifeRelationshipJuvenileFish.pdf: 416730 bytes, checksum: 4b7dfff3bfce429d048d513cd14c5e03 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Erin Clark(erin.clark@oregonstate.edu) on 2014-08-11T16:11:35Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 RobyDanielFisheriesWildlifeRelationshipJuvenileFish.pdf: 416730 bytes, checksum: 4b7dfff3bfce429d048d513cd14c5e03 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2014-08-11T16:11:35Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 RobyDanielFisheriesWildlifeRelationshipJuvenileFish.pdf: 416730 bytes, checksum: 4b7dfff3bfce429d048d513cd14c5e03 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2014-07-10

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