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Geochemistry and geochronology of ancient southeast Indian and southwest Pacific seafloor Public Deposited

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  • Within the Australian-Antarctic Discordance (AAD), a boundary exists between isotopically defined “Pacific-type” and “Indian-type” mid-ocean ridge basalt (MORB) erupted along the Southeast Indian Ridge (SEIR). This boundary has migrated westward beneath the easternmost AAD spreading segment at a minimum rate of 25 mm/yr since 4 Ma; however, its long-term history remains a matter of speculation. To determine if Pacific-type upper mantle has migrated westward beneath the eastern Indian Ocean basin as Australia and Antarctica drifted apart during the last 70 m.y., we present new Sr-Nd-Pb isotope data, combined with trace element and 40Ar-39Ar radiometric age determinations, for samples from Legs 28 and 29 of the Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP). Basaltic basement at these DSDP sites provides a record of their upper mantle source composition and shows regional variations consistent with upper mantle flow in this region. East of the South Tasman Rise, all DSDP basalts have 87SR/86SR (0.7025-0.7029) and 206Pb/204Pb (18.80-19.48) ratios typical of Pacific-type MORB indicating that Pacific-type upper mantle existed east of the Australian-Antarctic continental margin and beneath the Tasman Sea during the early stages of seafloor spreading in this region. Basalts from DSDP sites west of the AAD have high 87Sr/86Sr (0.7030-0.7035), low 206Pb/204Pb (17.99-18.10) and trace element characteristics typical of present day Indian-type SEIR MORB. Between these two regions, DSDP basalts recovered along the western margin of the South Tasman Rise have isotopic characteristics that are, in one case consistent with Indian-type MORB source (Site 280A) and, in the second case, transitional between Pacific-type and Indian-type mantle sources. The occurrence of seafloor basalts with transitional or Indian-type isotopic characteristics well to the east of the present Indian-Pacific MORB isotopic boundary within the AAD strongly implies that Pacific-type upper mantle has migrated westward into the region since the South Tasman Rise separated from Antarctica circa 40 Ma.
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  • Pyle, D.G., Christie, D.M., Mahoney, J.J., and Duncan, R.A., 1995, Geochemistry and Geochronology of ancient southeast Indian and southwest Pacific seafloor. Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 100, Pg. 22,261–22,282.
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  • 100
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  • B11
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  • The Ocean Drilling Program East Coast Repository provided samples for this study. Curation of Southeast Indian Ridge samples used in the study were provided for under grant OCE91-02881 to Oregon State University. This research was conducted with funds provided by NSF grants OCE90-00595 and OCE92-17186 to D. Christie.
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Linda Lamb (llamb@coas.oregonstate.edu) on 2010-04-12T23:45:23Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Pyle_et_al_JGR_1995.pdf: 1919817 bytes, checksum: cf880ef4ca992bbeccdbb3583af0c242 (MD5)
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  • 0148-0227

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