Perceptions of rapport across the life span: Gaze patterns and judgment accuracy Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/2r36v054b

This is an author's peer-reviewed final manuscript, as accepted by the publisher. The published article is copyrighted by the American Psychological Association and can be found at:  http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/pag/

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  • Although age-related deficits in emotion perception have been established using photographs of individuals, the extension of these findings to dynamic displays and dyads is just beginning. Similarly, most eye-tracking research in the person perception literature, including those that study age differences, have focused on individual attributes gleaned from static images; no previous research has considered cue use in dyadic judgments with eye-tracking. The current study employed a Brunswikian lens model analysis in conjunction with eye-tracking measurements to study age differences in the judgment of rapport, a social construct comprised of mutual attentiveness, positive feelings, and coordination between interacting partners. Judgment accuracy and cue utilization of younger (n = 47) and older (n = 46) adults were operationalized as correlations between a perceiver’s judgments and criterion values within a set of 34 brief interaction videos in which two opposite-sex college students discussed a controversial topic. No age differences emerged in the accuracy of judgments, however pathways to accuracy differed by age; younger adults’ judgments relied on some behavioral cues more than older adults. Additionally, eye-tracking analyses revealed that older adults spent more time looking at the bodies of the targets in the videos whereas younger adults spent more time looking at the targets’ heads. The contributions from both the lens model and eye-tracking findings provide distinct but complementary insights to our understanding of age-related continuities and shifts in social perceptual processing.
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  • Vicaria, I, M., Bernieri, F. J., & Isaacowitz, D. M. (2015). Perceptions of rapport across the life span: Gaze patterns and judgment accuracy. Psychology and Aging, 30(2), 396-406. doi:10.1037/pag0000019
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Deanne Bruner(deanne.bruner@oregonstate.edu) on 2015-07-02T22:42:46Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 BernieriFrankPsychologicalSciencePerceptionsRapportAcrossLifeSpan.pdf: 1028007 bytes, checksum: 9a9a9e5ecb33e2db88abe537ada52abf (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Deanne Bruner (deanne.bruner@oregonstate.edu) on 2015-07-02T22:41:14Z No. of bitstreams: 1 BernieriFrankPsychologicalSciencePerceptionsRapportAcrossLifeSpan.pdf: 1028007 bytes, checksum: 9a9a9e5ecb33e2db88abe537ada52abf (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2015-07-02T22:42:46Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 BernieriFrankPsychologicalSciencePerceptionsRapportAcrossLifeSpan.pdf: 1028007 bytes, checksum: 9a9a9e5ecb33e2db88abe537ada52abf (MD5) Previous issue date: 2015-06

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