Inferring Cetacean Population Densities from the Absolute Dynamic Topography of the Ocean in a Hierarchical Bayesian Framework Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/2z10wr98h

To the best of our knowledge, one or more authors of this paper were federal employees when contributing to this work. This is the publisher’s final pdf. The article was published by the Public Library of Science and is in the public domain. The published article can be found at:  http://www.plosone.org/.

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • We inferred the population densities of blue whales (Balaenoptera musculus) and short-beaked common dolphins (Delphinus delphis) in the Northeast Pacific Ocean as functions of the water-column’s physical structure by implementing hierarchical models in a Bayesian framework. This approach allowed us to propagate the uncertainty of the field observations into the inference of species-habitat relationships and to generate spatially explicit population density predictions with reduced effects of sampling heterogeneity. Our hypothesis was that the large-scale spatial distributions of these two cetacean species respond primarily to ecological processes resulting from shoaling and outcropping of the pycnocline in regions of wind-forced upwelling and eddy-like circulation. Physically, these processes affect the thermodynamic balance of the water column, decreasing its volume and thus the height of the absolute dynamic topography (ADT). Biologically, they lead to elevated primary productivity and persistent aggregation of low-trophic-level prey. Unlike other remotely sensed variables, ADT provides information about the structure of the entire water column and it is also routinely measured at high spatial-temporal resolution by satellite altimeters with uniform global coverage. Our models provide spatially explicit population density predictions for both species, even in areas where the pycnocline shoals but does not outcrop (e.g. the Costa Rica Dome and the North Equatorial Countercurrent thermocline ridge). Interannual variations in distribution during El Niño anomalies suggest that the population density of both species decreases dramatically in the Equatorial Cold Tongue and the Costa Rica Dome, and that their distributions retract to particular areas that remain productive, such as the more oceanic waters in the central California Current System, the northern Gulf of California, the North Equatorial Countercurrent thermocline ridge, and the more southern portion of the Humboldt Current System. We posit that such reductions in available foraging habitats during climatic disturbances could incur high energetic costs on these populations, ultimately affecting individual fitness and survival.
Resource Type
DOI
Date Available
Date Issued
Citation
  • Pardo, M. A., Gerrodette, T., Beier, E., Gendron, D., Forney, K. A., Chivers, S. J., ... & Palacios, D. M. (2015). Inferring Cetacean Population Densities from the Absolute Dynamic Topography of the Ocean in a Hierarchical Bayesian Framework. PLoS ONE, 10(3), e0120727. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0120727
Series
Rights Statement
Funding Statement (additional comments about funding)
Publisher
Peer Reviewed
Language
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Erin Clark(erin.clark@oregonstate.edu) on 2015-04-29T19:40:41Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 3 license_rdf: 1089 bytes, checksum: 0a703d871bf062c5fdc7850b1496693b (MD5) PalaciosDanielFisheriesWildlifeInferringCetaceanPopulation.pdf: 2261602 bytes, checksum: 7a3d33b26188bc943a07d18c23759c66 (MD5) PalaciosDanielFisheriesWildlifeInferringCetaceanPopulation_SupportingInformation.zip: 2080457 bytes, checksum: 385c1f544c8d3be869c508aad45ccc46 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2015-04-29T19:40:41Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 3 license_rdf: 1089 bytes, checksum: 0a703d871bf062c5fdc7850b1496693b (MD5) PalaciosDanielFisheriesWildlifeInferringCetaceanPopulation.pdf: 2261602 bytes, checksum: 7a3d33b26188bc943a07d18c23759c66 (MD5) PalaciosDanielFisheriesWildlifeInferringCetaceanPopulation_SupportingInformation.zip: 2080457 bytes, checksum: 385c1f544c8d3be869c508aad45ccc46 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2015-03-18
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Erin Clark (erin.clark@oregonstate.edu) on 2015-04-29T19:40:27Z No. of bitstreams: 3 license_rdf: 1089 bytes, checksum: 0a703d871bf062c5fdc7850b1496693b (MD5) PalaciosDanielFisheriesWildlifeInferringCetaceanPopulation.pdf: 2261602 bytes, checksum: 7a3d33b26188bc943a07d18c23759c66 (MD5) PalaciosDanielFisheriesWildlifeInferringCetaceanPopulation_SupportingInformation.zip: 2080457 bytes, checksum: 385c1f544c8d3be869c508aad45ccc46 (MD5)

Relationships

In Administrative Set:
Last modified: 07/26/2017 Default
Citations:

EndNote | Zotero | Mendeley