Projected land-use change impacts on ecosystem services in the U.S. Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/3484zj678

This is an author's peer-reviewed final manuscript, as accepted by the publisher. The published article is copyrighted by [publisher] and can be found at:  http://www.pnas.org/.

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  • Projected land-use change impacts on ecosystem services in the United States
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  • Providing food, timber, energy, housing, and other goods and services, while maintaining ecosystem functions and biodiversity that underpin their sustainable supply, is one of the great challenges of our time. Understanding the drivers of land-use change and how policies can alter land-use change will be critical to meeting this challenge. Here we project land-use change in the contiguous U.S. to 2051 under two plausible baseline trajectories of economic conditions to illustrate how differences in underlying market forces can have large impacts on land-use with cascading effects on ecosystem services and wildlife habitat. We project a large increase in croplands (28.2 million ha) under a scenario with high crop demand mirroring conditions starting in 2007, compared to a loss of cropland (11.2 million ha) mirroring conditions in the 1990s. Projected land-use changes result in increases in carbon storage, timber production, food production from increased yields, and >10% decreases in habitat for 25% of modeled species. We also analyze policy alternatives designed to encourage forest cover, natural landscapes, and reduce urban expansion. Although these policy scenarios modify baseline land-use patterns, they do not reverse powerful underlying trends. Policy interventions need to be aggressive to significantly alter underlying land-use change trends and shift the trajectory of ecosystem service provision.
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  • Lawler, J. J., Lewis, D. J., Nelson, E., Plantinga, A. J., Polasky, S., Withey, J. C., ... & Radeloff, V. C. (2014). Projected land-use change impacts on ecosystem services in the United States. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(20), 7492-7497. doi:10.1073/pnas.1405557111
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Deanne Bruner(deanne.bruner@oregonstate.edu) on 2014-08-21T20:39:03Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 LewisDavidAppliedEconomicsProjectedLandUse.pdf: 1059699 bytes, checksum: c5c1c7234add989af830e3ac31490e4f (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2014-08-21T20:39:03Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 LewisDavidAppliedEconomicsProjectedLandUse.pdf: 1059699 bytes, checksum: c5c1c7234add989af830e3ac31490e4f (MD5) Previous issue date: 2014-05-20
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Deanne Bruner (deanne.bruner@oregonstate.edu) on 2014-08-21T20:37:36Z No. of bitstreams: 1 LewisDavidAppliedEconomicsProjectedLandUse.pdf: 1059699 bytes, checksum: c5c1c7234add989af830e3ac31490e4f (MD5)

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