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Ligand-Specific Transcriptional Mechanisms Underlie Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor-Mediated Developmental Toxicity of Oxygenated PAHs Public Deposited

https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/3j3334211

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  • Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are priority environmental contaminants that exhibit mutagenic, carcinogenic, proinflammatory, and teratogenic properties. Oxygen-substituted PAHs (OPAHs) are formed during combustion processes and via phototoxidation and biological degradation of parent (unsubstituted) PAHs. Despite their prevalence both in contaminated industrial sites and in urban air, OPAH mechanisms of action in biological systems are relatively understudied. Like parent PAHs, OPAHs exert structure-dependent mutagenic activities and activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) and cytochrome p450 metabolic pathway. Four-ring OPAHs 1,9-benz-10-anthrone (BEZO) and benz(a)anthracene-7,12-dione (7,12-B[a]AQ) cause morphological aberrations and induce markers of oxidative stress in developing zebrafish with similar potency, but only 7,12-B[a]AQ induces robust Cyp1a protein expression. We investigated the role of the AHR in mediating the toxicity of BEZO and 7,12-B[a]AQ, and found that knockdown of AHR2 rescued developmental effects caused by both compounds. Using RNA-seq and molecular docking, we identified transcriptional responses that precede developmental toxicity induced via differential interaction with AHR2. Redox-homeostasis genes were affected similarly by these OPAHs, while 7,12-B[a]AQ preferentially activated phase 1 metabolism and BEZO uniquely decreased visual system genes. Analysis of biological functions and upstream regulators suggests that BEZO is a weak AHR agonist, but interacts with other transcriptional regulators to cause developmental toxicity in an AHR-dependent manner. Identifying ligand-dependent AHR interactions and signaling pathways is essential for understanding toxicity of this class of environmentally relevant compounds.
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  • Goodale, B. C., La Du, J., Tilton, S. C., Sullivan, C. M., Bisson, W. H., Waters, K. M., & Tanguay, R. L. (2015). Ligand-specific transcriptional mechanisms underlie aryl hydrocarbon receptor-mediated developmental toxicity of oxygenated PAHs. Toxicological Sciences, 147(2), 397-411. doi:10.1093/toxsci/kfv139
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  • National Institutes of Health NIEHS Superfund Research Program (P42 ES016465), Core Center Grant (P30 ES000210), and the NIEHS Training Grant (T32 ES007060). Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is a multi-program national laboratory operated by Battelle Memorial Institute for the DOE under contract number DE-AC05-76RLO1830.
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Patricia Black (patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2016-01-13T15:55:22Z No. of bitstreams: 2 GoodaleCEnvironmentMoleToxLigandSpecificTranscriptional.pdf: 1400186 bytes, checksum: 91d26341a7ee4bd9e692c6db1f21b804 (MD5) GoodaleCEnvironmentMoleToxLigandSpecificTranscriptional(SupplementalData).pdf: 1415229 bytes, checksum: 4617d76b19199a7aff88440669eda31d (MD5)
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  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2016-01-13T15:55:45Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 2 GoodaleCEnvironmentMoleToxLigandSpecificTranscriptional.pdf: 1400186 bytes, checksum: 91d26341a7ee4bd9e692c6db1f21b804 (MD5) GoodaleCEnvironmentMoleToxLigandSpecificTranscriptional(SupplementalData).pdf: 1415229 bytes, checksum: 4617d76b19199a7aff88440669eda31d (MD5) Previous issue date: 2015-10