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On the temporal upscaling of evapotranspiration from instantaneous remote sensing measurements to 8-day mean daily-sums Public Deposited

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  • The regular monitoring of evapotranspiration from satellites has been limited because of discontinuous temporal coverage, resulting in snapshots at a particular point in space and time. We developed a temporal upscaling scheme using satellite-derived instantaneous estimates of evapotranspiration to produce a daily-sum evapotranspiration averaged over an 8-day interval. We tested this scheme against measured evapotranspiration data from 34 eddy covariance flux towers covering seven plant functional types from boreal to tropical climatic zones. We found that the ratio of a half-hourly-sum of potential solar radiation (extraterrestrial solar irradiance on a plane parallel to the Earth's surface) between 10:00 hh and 14:00 hh to a daily-sum of potential solar radiation provides a robust scaling factor to convert a half-hourly measured evapotranspiration to an estimate of a daily-sum; the estimated and measured daily sum evapotranspiration showed strong linear relation (r² = 0.92) and small bias (-2.7%). By comparison, assuming a constant evaporative fraction (the ratio of evapotranspiration to available energy) during the daytime, although commonly used for temporal upscaling, caused 13% underestimation of evapotranspiration on an annual scale. The proposed temporal upscaling scheme requires only latitude, longitude and time as input. Thus it will be useful for developing continuous evapotranspiration estimates in space and time, which will improve continuous monitoring of hydrological cycle from local to global scales.
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  • Ryu, Y., Ammann, C., Beringer, J., Flanagan, L., Gu, L., Hutley, L., . . . . (2012). On the temporal upscaling of evapotranspiration from instantaneous remote sensing measurements to 8-day mean daily-sums. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 152, 212-222. doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2011.09.010
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  • 152
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  • We acknowledge the financial support to the eddy covariance data harmonization provided by CarboEuropeIP, FAO-GTOS-TCO, iLEAPS, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, National Science Foundation, University of Tuscia, Universite Laval and Environment Canada and US Department of Energy and the database development and technical support from Berkeley Water Center, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Microsoft Research eScience, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, University of California – Berkeley, University of Virginia. YR was supported by NASA Headquarters under the NASA Earth and Space Science Fellowship Program (NNX08AU25H) and the Berkeley Water Center/Microsoft eScience project.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Deborah Campbell(deborah.campbell@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-01-24T18:32:39Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 LawBEForestEcosystemsSocietyTemporalUpscalingEvapotranspiration.pdf: 1904677 bytes, checksum: 3935859d0a78a1409ac0291483e4f9ef (MD5)
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