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Application of the Transtheoretical Model of Behavior Change to Preadolescents' Physical Activity and Exercise Behavior

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  • The Transtheoretical Model of behavior change was applied to a sample of 669 preadolescents (M age = 8.2) to determine whether stages of exercise could be observed. Associations between stage of exercise classification and demographic, fitness, and cognitive variables were examined. Stage of exercise classifications, on the basis of the Children's Stage of Exercise Algorithm, were as follows: maintenance (50.8%), action (36.5%), preparation (3.1%), contemplation (4.9%), and precontemplation (4.6%). Stage of exercise was significantly related to gender, age, and grade level. Controlling for these differences, the relationship between exercise beliefs and stage of exercise was significant.
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  • Cardinal, B. J., Engels, H-J., & Zhu, W. (1998). Application of the transtheoretical model of behavior change to preadolescents' physical activity and exercise behavior. Pediatric Exercise Science, 10, 69-80.
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  • 10
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  • 1
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  • This study was made possible, in part, by a Healthy People 2000 Project Grant awarded by the American College of Sports Medicine Foundation to Hermann-J. Engels, PhD.
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