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Herbicide Resistance: Toward an Understanding of Resistance Development and the Impact of Herbicide-Resistant Crops Public Deposited

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  • Development of herbicide-resistant crops has resulted in significant changes to agronomic practices, one of which is the adoption of effective, simple, low-risk, crop-production systems with less dependency on tillage and lower energy requirements. Overall, the changes have had a positive environmental effect by reducing soil erosion, the fuel use for tillage, and the number of herbicides with groundwater advisories as well as a slight reduction in the overall environmental impact quotient of herbicide use. However, herbicides exert a high selection pressure on weed populations, and density and diversity of weed communities change over time in response to herbicides and other control practices imposed on them. Repeated and intensive use of herbicides with the same mechanisms of action (MOA; the mechanism in the plant that the herbicide detrimentally affects so that the plant succumbs to the herbicide; e.g., inhibition of an enzyme that is vital to plant growth or the inability of a plant to metabolize the herbicide before it has done damage) can rapidly select for shifts to tolerant, difficult-to-control weeds and the evolution of herbicide-resistant weeds, especially in the absence of the concurrent use of herbicides with different mechanisms of action or the use of mechanical or cultural practices or both.
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  • William K. Vencill, Robert L. Nichols, Theodore M. Webster, John K. Soteres, Carol Mallory-Smith, Nilda R. Burgos, William G. Johnson, and Marilyn R. McClelland (2012) Herbicide Resistance: Toward an Understanding of Resistance Development and the Impact of Herbicide-Resistant Crops. Weed Science: Special Issue 2012, Vol. 60, No. sp1, pp. 2-30.
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  • 60
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  • This publication was supported in part by the United StatesDepartment of Agriculture’s (USDA) Animal and Plant HealthInspection Service Agreement Number 08-2000-0050-CA.
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  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2012-09-14T22:09:45Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Mallory-SmithCarolCropSoilScienceHerbicideResistanceToward.pdf: 276599 bytes, checksum: 3e3df0435d24a6c9a7f62da2a0611d01 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2012
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Deanne Bruner(deanne.bruner@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-09-14T22:09:45Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 Mallory-SmithCarolCropSoilScienceHerbicideResistanceToward.pdf: 276599 bytes, checksum: 3e3df0435d24a6c9a7f62da2a0611d01 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Deanne Bruner (deanne.bruner@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-09-14T22:08:18Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Mallory-SmithCarolCropSoilScienceHerbicideResistanceToward.pdf: 276599 bytes, checksum: 3e3df0435d24a6c9a7f62da2a0611d01 (MD5)

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