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The LatMix Summer Campaign: Submesoscale Stirring in the Upper Ocean Public Deposited

https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/5d86p194k

A Google Earth interactive map of shipboard, autonomous, and airborne surveys during the summer 2011 LatMix experiment is available online as supplemental material ( http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00015.2). To explore these maps, you need Google Earth viewer installed on your computer. The software is free and could be downloaded online (from  https://www.google.com /earth/). A user guide is available online as well (at http:// earth.google.com/userguide/).

To the best of our knowledge, one or more authors of this paper were federal employees when contributing to this work. This is the publisher’s final pdf. The published article is copyrighted by the American Meteorological Society and can be found at:  https://www2.ametsoc.org/ams/index.cfm/publications/bulletin-of-the-american-meteorological-society-bams/

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  • Lateral stirring is a basic oceanographic phenomenon affecting the distribution of physical, chemical, and biological fields. Eddy stirring at scales on the order of 100 km (the mesoscale) is fairly well understood and explicitly represented in modern eddy-resolving numerical models of global ocean circulation. The same cannot be said for smaller-scale stirring processes. Here, the authors describe a major oceanographic field experiment aimed at observing and understanding the processes responsible for stirring at scales of 0.1–10 km. Stirring processes of varying intensity were studied in the Sargasso Sea eddy field approximately 250 km southeast of Cape Hatteras. Lateral variability of water-mass properties, the distribution of microscale turbulence, and the evolution of several patches of inert dye were studied with an array of shipboard, autonomous, and airborne instruments. Observations were made at two sites, characterized by weak and moderate background mesoscale straining, to contrast different regimes of lateral stirring. Analyses to date suggest that, in both cases, the lateral dispersion of natural and deliberately released tracers was O(1) m² s⁻¹ as found elsewhere, which is faster than might be expected from traditional shear dispersion by persistent mesoscale flow and linear internal waves. These findings point to the possible importance of kilometer-scale stirring by submesoscale eddies and nonlinear internal-wave processes or the need to modify the traditional shear-dispersion paradigm to include higher-order effects. A unique aspect of the Scalable Lateral Mixing and Coherent Turbulence (LatMix) field experiment is the combination of direct measurements of dye dispersion with the concurrent multiscale hydrographic and turbulence observations, enabling evaluation of the underlying mechanisms responsible for the observed dispersion at a new level.
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  • Shcherbina, A. Y., Sundermeyer, M. A., Kunze, E., D'Asaro, E., Badin, G., Birch, D., ... & Ledwell, J. R. (2015). The LatMix Summer Campaign: Submesoscale Stirring in the Upper Ocean. A part of AMS special collection “LatMix: Studies of Submesoscale Stirring and Mixing”. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96(8), 1257-1279. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00015.1
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  • We thank Office of Naval Research, particularly Terri Paluszkiewicz and Scott Harper, for support of the LatMix. The bulk of this work was funded under the Scalable Lateral Mixing and Coherent Turbulence Departmental Research Initiative and the Physical Oceanography Program. The dye experiments were supported jointly by the Office of Naval Research and the National Science Foundation Physical Oceanography Program (Grants OCE-0751653 and OCE-0751734)
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  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2015-10-13T17:29:02Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 2 CervantesBrandyCEOASLatMixSummerCampaign.pdf: 5343187 bytes, checksum: 8c25f76599be5bc0e165592119db9bc6 (MD5) CervantesBrandyCEOASLatMixSummerCampaignSupplement.pdf: 1185499 bytes, checksum: 2ed9fa6b2d5e6e06fbe9d7039dadf960 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2015-08
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Patricia Black (patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2015-10-13T17:28:44Z No. of bitstreams: 2 CervantesBrandyCEOASLatMixSummerCampaign.pdf: 5343187 bytes, checksum: 8c25f76599be5bc0e165592119db9bc6 (MD5) CervantesBrandyCEOASLatMixSummerCampaignSupplement.pdf: 1185499 bytes, checksum: 2ed9fa6b2d5e6e06fbe9d7039dadf960 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2015-10-13T17:29:02Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 2 CervantesBrandyCEOASLatMixSummerCampaign.pdf: 5343187 bytes, checksum: 8c25f76599be5bc0e165592119db9bc6 (MD5) CervantesBrandyCEOASLatMixSummerCampaignSupplement.pdf: 1185499 bytes, checksum: 2ed9fa6b2d5e6e06fbe9d7039dadf960 (MD5)

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