Smoking Trends and Disparities Among Black and Non-Hispanic Whites in California Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/5m60qt61b

This is an author's peer-reviewed final manuscript, as accepted by the publisher. The published article is copyrighted by the Author(s) and published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco. It can be found at:  http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/

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  • OBJECTIVES: The current study examined disparities in smoking trends across African Americans and non-Hispanic whites in California. METHODS: Data from the 1996 to 2008 California Tobacco Survey were analyzed to examine trends in smoking behaviors and cessation across African Americans and non-Hispanic whites. RESULTS: A decrease in overall ever and current smoking was observed for both African American and non-Hispanic whites across the 12-year time period. A striking decrease in proportions of heavy daily smokers for both African American and non-Hispanic whites were observed. Proportions of light and intermittent smokers (LITS) and moderate daily smokers displayed modest increases for African Americans but large increases for non-Hispanic whites. Increases in successful cessation were also observed for African Americans and, to a lesser extent, for non-Hispanic whites. DISCUSSION: Smoking behavior and cessation trends across African Americans and non-Hispanic whites were revealing. The decline in heavy daily and former smokers may demonstrate the success and effectiveness of tobacco control efforts in California. However, the increase in proportions of LITS and moderate daily smokers for both African Americans and non-Hispanic whites demonstrates a need for tobacco cessation efforts focused on lighter smokers.
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  • Sakuma, K. L. K., Felicitas, J., Fagan, P., Gruder, C. L., Blanco, L., Cappelli, C., & Trinidad, D. R. (2015). Smoking Trends and Disparities Among Black and Non-Hispanic Whites in California. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 17(12), 1491-1498. doi:10.1093/ntr/ntv032
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