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Effects of pollen dilution on infection of Nosema ceranae in honey bees Public Deposited

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  • Multiple stressors are currently threatening honey bee health, including pests and pathogens. Among honey bee pathogens, Nosema ceranae is a microsporidian found parasitizing the western honey bee (Apis mellifera) relatively recently. Honey bee colonies are fed pollen or protein substitute during pollen dearth to boost colony growth and immunity against pests and pathogens. Here we hypothesize that N. ceranae intensity and prevalence will be low in bees receiving high pollen diets, and that honey bees on high pollen diets will have higher survival and/or increased longevity. To test this hypothesis we examined the effects of different quantities of pollen on (a) the intensity and prevalence of N. ceranae and (b) longevity and nutritional physiology of bees inoculated with N. ceranae. Significantly higher spore intensities were observed in treatments that received higher pollen quantities (1:0 and 1:1 pollen:cellulose) when compared to treatments that received relatively lower pollen quantities. There were no significant differences in N. ceranae prevalence among different pollen diet treatments. Interestingly, the bees in higher pollen quantity treatments also had significantly higher survival despite higher intensities of N. ceranae. Significantly higher hypopharyngeal gland protein was observed in the control (no Nosema infection, and receiving a diet of 1:0 pollen:cellulose), followed by 1:0 pollen:cellulose treatment that was inoculated with N. ceranae. Here we demonstrate that diet with higher pollen quantity increases N. ceranae intensity, but also enhances the survival or longevity of honey bees. The information from this study could potentially help beekeepers formulate appropriate protein feeding regimens for their colonies to mitigate N. ceranae problems.
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  • Jack, C. J., Uppala, S. S., Lucas, H. M., & Sagili, R. R. (2016). Effects of pollen dilution on infection of Nosema ceranae in honey bees. Journal of Insect Physiology, 87, 12-19. doi:10.1016/j.jinsphys.2016.01.004
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  • This research was supported by funds from the National Honey Board, OSU Agricultural Research Foundation, Oregon State Beekeepers Association and Central Oregon Seeds Inc. to R. Sagili and a scholarship to C. Jack from The Foundation for the Preservation of Honey Bees, Inc.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2016-02-17T20:24:10Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 2 license_rdf: 1232 bytes, checksum: bb87e2fb4674c76d0d2e9ed07fbb9c86 (MD5) SagiliRameshHorticultureEffectsPollenDilution.pdf: 920571 bytes, checksum: cc657ddb9b93a61495879ee962490237 (MD5)
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