Article

 

A field comparison of multiple techniques to quantify groundwater–surface-water interactions Public Deposited

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/6108vd17b

To the best of our knowledge, one or more authors of this paper were federal employees when contributing to this work. This is the publisher’s final pdf. The article is copyrighted by the Society for Freshwater Science and published by the University of Chicago Press. It can be found at:  http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublication?journalCode=fresscie.

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract
  • Groundwater–surface-water (GW-SW) interactions in streams are difficult to quantify because of heterogeneity in hydraulic and reactive processes across a range of spatial and temporal scales. The challenge of quantifying these interactions has led to the development of several techniques, from centimeter-scale probes to whole-system tracers, including chemical, thermal, and electrical methods. We co-applied conservative and smart reactive solute-tracer tests, measurement of hydraulic heads, distributed temperature sensing, vertical profiles of solute tracer and temperature in the stream bed, and electrical resistivity imaging in a 450-m reach of a 3rd-order stream. GW-SW interactions were not spatially expansive, but were high in flux through a shallow hyporheic zone surrounding the reach. NaCl and resazurin tracers suggested different surface–subsurface exchange patterns in the upper ⅔ and lower ⅓ of the reach. Subsurface sampling of tracers and vertical thermal profiles quantified relatively high fluxes through a 10- to 20-cm deep hyporheic zone with chemical reactivity of the resazurin tracer indicated at 3-, 6-, and 9-cm sampling depths. Monitoring of hydraulic gradients along transects with MINIPOINT streambed samplers starting ∼40 m from the stream indicated that groundwater discharge prevented development of a larger hyporheic zone, which progressively decreased from the stream thalweg toward the banks. Distributed temperature sensing did not detect extensive inflow of ground water to the stream, and electrical resistivity imaging showed limited large-scale hyporheic exchange. We recommend choosing technique(s) based on: 1) clear definition of the questions to be addressed (physical, biological, or chemical processes), 2) explicit identification of the spatial and temporal scales to be covered and those required to provide an appropriate context for interpretation, and 3) maximizing generation of mechanistic understanding and reducing costs of implementing multiple techniques through collaborative research.
Resource Type
DOI
Date Available
Date Issued
Citation
  • González-Pinzón, R., Ward, A. S., Hatch, C. E., Wlostowski, A. N., Singha, K., Gooseff, M. N., ... & Brock, J. T. (2015). A field comparison of multiple techniques to quantify groundwater–surface-water interactions. Freshwater Science, 34(1), 139-160. doi:10.1086/679738
Series
Keyword
Rights Statement
Funding Statement (additional comments about funding)
  • Financial support for this collaborative effort was provided by the National Science Foundation through grants EAR-0911435, EAR-0747629, EAR 08-38338, EAR-1331906, and IIA-1301346 and grant 07-53521 to the Consortium for the Advancement of Hydrologic Science (CUAHSI). OAC was also supported by a grant from the Ministry of Science, Research and Arts of Baden–Württemberg (AZ Zu 33-721.3-2), and the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Leipzig (UFZ). JH was also supported by the USGS Hydrologic Research and Development (HRD) and National Water Quality Assessment (NAWQA) programs.
Publisher
Peer Reviewed
Language
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2015-03-27T16:23:05Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 HaggertyRoyCEOASFieldComparisonMultiple.pdf: 1300416 bytes, checksum: 07b2cf8b273b219cec01242cccd92fb6 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2015-03
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Erin Clark(erin.clark@oregonstate.edu) on 2015-03-27T16:23:05Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 HaggertyRoyCEOASFieldComparisonMultiple.pdf: 1300416 bytes, checksum: 07b2cf8b273b219cec01242cccd92fb6 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Erin Clark (erin.clark@oregonstate.edu) on 2015-03-27T16:22:49Z No. of bitstreams: 1 HaggertyRoyCEOASFieldComparisonMultiple.pdf: 1300416 bytes, checksum: 07b2cf8b273b219cec01242cccd92fb6 (MD5)

Relationships

Parents:

This work has no parents.

Items