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GiarrizzoJuanVetMedMetagenomicInsightsRDX.pdf Public Deposited

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https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/6395w895q

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  • The manufacturing processes of royal demolition explosive (RDX), or hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine, have resulted in serious water contamination. As a potential carcinogen, RDX can cause a broad range of harmful effects to humans and animals. The ovine rumen is capable of rapid degradation of nitroaromatic compounds, including RDX. While ruminal RDX-degrading bacteria have been identified, the genes and pathways responsible for RDX degradation in the rumen have yet to be characterized. In this study, we characterized the metabolic potential of the ovine rumen using metagenomic approaches. Sequences homologous to at least five RDX-degrading genes cloned from environmental samples (diaA, xenA, xenB, xplA, and xplB) were present in the ovine rumen microbiome. Among them, diaA was the most abundant, likely reflective of the predominance of the genus Clostridium in the ovine rumen. At least ten genera known to harbor RDX-degrading microorganisms were detectable. Metagenomic sequences were also annotated using public databases, such as Pfam, COG, and KEGG. Five of the six Pfam protein families known to be responsible for RDX degradation in environmental samples were identified in the ovine rumen. However, increased substrate availability did not appear to enhance the proliferation of RDX-degrading bacteria and alter the microbial composition of the ovine rumen. This implies that the RDX-degrading capacity of the ovine rumen microbiome is likely regulated at the transcription level. Our results provide metagenomic insights into the RDX-degrading potential of the ovine rumen, and they will facilitate the development of novel and economic bioremediation strategies.
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  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2014-12-23T21:52:36Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 3 license_rdf: 1089 bytes, checksum: 0a703d871bf062c5fdc7850b1496693b (MD5) GiarrizzoJuanVetMedMetagenomicInsightsRDX.pdf: 888826 bytes, checksum: b0eddcf819c81a566eb47ef757154d9f (MD5) GiarrizzoJuanVetMedMetagenomicInsightsRDX_SupportingInformation.zip: 1483785 bytes, checksum: faac3ed61950a1dc578112b8da69f197 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2014-11-10
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Erin Clark (erin.clark@oregonstate.edu) on 2014-12-23T21:52:11Z No. of bitstreams: 3 license_rdf: 1089 bytes, checksum: 0a703d871bf062c5fdc7850b1496693b (MD5) GiarrizzoJuanVetMedMetagenomicInsightsRDX.pdf: 888826 bytes, checksum: b0eddcf819c81a566eb47ef757154d9f (MD5) GiarrizzoJuanVetMedMetagenomicInsightsRDX_SupportingInformation.zip: 1483785 bytes, checksum: faac3ed61950a1dc578112b8da69f197 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Erin Clark(erin.clark@oregonstate.edu) on 2014-12-23T21:52:36Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 3 license_rdf: 1089 bytes, checksum: 0a703d871bf062c5fdc7850b1496693b (MD5) GiarrizzoJuanVetMedMetagenomicInsightsRDX.pdf: 888826 bytes, checksum: b0eddcf819c81a566eb47ef757154d9f (MD5) GiarrizzoJuanVetMedMetagenomicInsightsRDX_SupportingInformation.zip: 1483785 bytes, checksum: faac3ed61950a1dc578112b8da69f197 (MD5)

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