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Modelling diatom and Phaeocystis blooms and nutrient cycles in the Southern Bight of the North Sea: the MIRO model Public Deposited

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  • The link between anthropogenic nutrient loads and the magnitude and extent of diatom and Phaeocystis colony blooms in the Southern Bight of the North Sea was explored with the complex ecosystem model MIRO. The model was adapted for resolving the changing nutrient loads, the complex biology of the bloom species and the tight coupling between the benthic and pelagic compartments that characterise this shallow coastal shelf sea ecosystem. State variables included the main inorganic nutrients (nitrate [NO₃], ammonium [NH₄], phosphate [PO₄] and dissolved silica [DSi]), 3 groups of phytoplankton with different trophic fates (diatoms, nanophytoflagellates and Phaeocystis colonies), 2 zooplankton groups (copepods and microzooplankton), bacteria, and 5 classes of detrital organic matter with different biodegradability. The capability of the MIRO model to properly simulate the observed SW–NE gradient in nutrient enrichment and the seasonal cycle of inorganic and organic C and nutrients, phytoplankton, bacteria and zooplankton in the eastern English Channel and Southern Bight of the North Sea is demonstrated by running the model for the period from 1989 to 1999. The MIRO code was implemented in a simplified multi-box representation of the hydrodynamic regime. These model runs give the first general view of the seasonal dynamics of Phaeocystis colony blooms and nutrient cycling within the domain. C, N and P budget calculations show that (1) the coastal ecosystem has a low nutrient retention and elimination capacity, (2) trophic efficiency of the planktonic system is low, and (3) both are modulated by meteorological forcing.
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  • Lancelot, C., Spitz, Y., Gypens, N., Ruddick, K., Becquevort, S., Rousseau, V., & Lacroix, G. (2005, March 30). Modelling diatom and phaeocystis blooms and nutrient cycles in the Southern Bight of the North Sea: the MIRO model. Marine ecology progress series, 289, 63-78.
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  • 289
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  • This is a contribution of the AMORE (Advanced MOdeling and Research on Eutrophication) project of the Belgian programme ‘Scientific Support Plan for a Sustainable Development Policy—Sustainable Management of the North Sea’ funded by Belgium’s Federal Science Policy under Contracts MN/DD/20 and EV-ENZ-05.
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  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2011-10-13T22:09:28Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 SpitzYvette.COAS.ModellingDiatomPhaeocystis.pdf: 533069 bytes, checksum: 7655067c79c742921edeb46ab8d0277b (MD5) Previous issue date: 2005
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Laura Wilson(laura.wilson@oregonstate.edu) on 2011-10-13T22:09:28Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 SpitzYvette.COAS.ModellingDiatomPhaeocystis.pdf: 533069 bytes, checksum: 7655067c79c742921edeb46ab8d0277b (MD5)

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