Early deglacial Atlantic overturning decline and its role in atmospheric CO₂ rise inferred from carbon isotopes (δ¹³C) Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/79408000n

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  • Early deglacial Atlantic overturning decline and its role in atmospheric CO2 rise inferred from carbon isotopes (δ13C)
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  • The reason for the initial rise in atmospheric CO₂ during the last deglaciation remains unknown. Most recent hypotheses invoke Southern Hemisphere processes such as shifts in midlatitude westerly winds. Coeval changes in the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) are poorly quantified, and their relation to the CO₂ increase is not understood. Here we compare simulations from a global, coupled climate–biogeochemistry model that includes a detailed representation of stable carbon isotopes (δ¹³C) with a synthesis of high-resolution δ¹³C reconstructions from deep-sea sediments and ice core data. In response to a prolonged AMOC shutdown initialized from a preindustrial state, modeled δ¹³C of dissolved inorganic carbon (δ¹³C[subscript DIC]) decreases in most of the surface ocean and the subsurface Atlantic, with largest amplitudes (more than 1.5 ‰) in the intermediate-depth North Atlantic. It increases in the intermediate and abyssal South Atlantic, as well as in the subsurface Southern, Indian, and Pacific oceans. The modeled pattern is similar and highly correlated with the available foraminiferal δ¹³C reconstructions spanning from the late Last Glacial Maximum (LGM, ~19.5–18.5 ka BP) to the late Heinrich stadial event 1 (HS1, ~16.5–15.5 ka BP), but the model overestimates δ¹³C[subscript DIC] reductions in the North Atlantic. Possible reasons for the model–sediment-data differences are discussed. Changes in remineralized δ¹³C[subscript DIC] dominate the total δ¹³C[subscript DIC] variations in the model but preformed contributions are not negligible. Simulated changes in atmospheric CO₂ and its isotopic composition (δ¹³C[subscript CO₂]) agree well with ice core data. Modeled effects of AMOC-induced wind changes on the carbon and isotope cycles are small, suggesting that Southern Hemisphere westerly wind effects may have been less important for the global carbon cycle response during HS1 than previously thought. Our results indicate that during the early deglaciation the AMOC decreased for several thousand years.We propose that the observed early deglacial rise in atmospheric CO₂ and the decrease in δ¹³C[subscript CO₂] may have been dominated by an AMOC-induced decline of the ocean’s biologically sequestered carbon storage.
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  • Schmittner, A., & Lund, D. C. (2015). Early deglacial Atlantic overturning decline and its role in atmospheric CO₂ rise inferred from carbon isotopes (δ¹³C). Climate of the Past, 11(2), 135-152. doi:10.5194/cp-11-135-2015
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  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2015-04-07T18:05:20Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 3 license_rdf: 1370 bytes, checksum: cd1af5ab51bcc7a5280cf305303530e9 (MD5) SchmittnerAndreasCEOASEarlyDeglacialAtlantic.pdf: 4895499 bytes, checksum: 6fe6d3e35e28ad07a4267b162b5a4ed9 (MD5) SchmittnerAndreasCEOASEarlyDeglacialAtlantic_Supplement.zip: 15109325 bytes, checksum: 97c89ef8720b8d60dec18e6a2ff141d7 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2015-02-05
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Erin Clark (erin.clark@oregonstate.edu) on 2015-04-07T18:05:06Z No. of bitstreams: 3 license_rdf: 1370 bytes, checksum: cd1af5ab51bcc7a5280cf305303530e9 (MD5) SchmittnerAndreasCEOASEarlyDeglacialAtlantic.pdf: 4895499 bytes, checksum: 6fe6d3e35e28ad07a4267b162b5a4ed9 (MD5) SchmittnerAndreasCEOASEarlyDeglacialAtlantic_Supplement.zip: 15109325 bytes, checksum: 97c89ef8720b8d60dec18e6a2ff141d7 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Erin Clark(erin.clark@oregonstate.edu) on 2015-04-07T18:05:19Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 3 license_rdf: 1370 bytes, checksum: cd1af5ab51bcc7a5280cf305303530e9 (MD5) SchmittnerAndreasCEOASEarlyDeglacialAtlantic.pdf: 4895499 bytes, checksum: 6fe6d3e35e28ad07a4267b162b5a4ed9 (MD5) SchmittnerAndreasCEOASEarlyDeglacialAtlantic_Supplement.zip: 15109325 bytes, checksum: 97c89ef8720b8d60dec18e6a2ff141d7 (MD5)

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