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Picture This: Studying the Effectiveness of Illustrated Instructions

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https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/8910k362j

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  • Background: Research on multi-media instruction suggests that illustrations aid learning over straight text. Providing students with illustrated instructions may increase comprehension and retention of material. Objective: We tested if students would remember material better if it was presented as an infographic where content was supplemented with illustrations versus reading the same content without illustrations. Method: We randomly assigned students (N = 114) to either a text-based or to an illustrated instruction condition where they learned about three types of study techniques (retrieval practice, spaced practice, and interleaving). After a brief distraction task, all students took a quiz on the material presented. Results: A multivariate analysis of variance showed a significant main effect for condition. Students in the illustrated instruction condition scored higher on the quiz than those who were assigned to the textbased condition. Conclusion: Presenting complex material as an infographic with illustrations may aid learning. Teaching Implications: Teachers and textbook authors should consider the use of illustrated instructions to convey difficult material especially bottleneck concepts.
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  • 51
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  • 3
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  • 1532-8023

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