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OddenMichellePHHSRiskFactorsCardiovascular.pdf Public Deposited

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https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/8c97ks07j

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  • OBJECTIVE: The associations of some risk factors with cardiovascular disease (CVD) are attenuated in older age; whereas others appear robust. The present study aimed to compare CVD risk factors across older age. METHODS: Participants (n = 4883) in the Cardiovascular Health Study free of prevalent CVD, were stratified into three age groups: 65-74, 75-84, 85+ years. Traditional risk factors included systolic blood pressure (BP), LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, obesity, and diabetes. Novel risk factors included kidney function, C-reactive protein (CRP), and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT pro-BNP). RESULTS: There were 1498 composite CVD events (stroke, myocardial infarction, and cardiovascular death) over 5 years. The associations of high systolic BP and diabetes appeared strongest, though both were attenuated with age (p-values for interaction = 0.01 and 0.002, respectively). The demographic-adjusted hazard ratios (HR) for elevated systolic BP were 1.79 (95% confidence interval: 1.49, 2.15), 1.59 (1.37, 1.85) and 1.10 (0.86, 1.41) in participants aged 65-74, 75-84, 85+, and for diabetes, 2.36 (1.89, 2.95), 1.55 (1.27, 1.89), 1.51 (1.10, 2.09). The novel risk factors had consistent associations with the outcome across the age spectrum; low kidney function: 1.69 (1.31, 2.19), 1.61 (1.36, 1.90), and 1.57 (1.16, 2.14) for 65-74, 75-84, and 85+ years, respectively; elevated CRP: 1.54 (1.28, 1.87), 1.33 (1.13, 1.55), and 1.51 (1.15, 1.97); elevated NT pro-BNP: 2.67 (1.96, 3.64), 2.71 (2.25, 3.27), and 2.18 (1.43, 3.45). CONCLUSIONS: The associations of most traditional risk factors with CVD were minimal in the oldest old, whereas diabetes, eGFR, CRP, and NT pro-BNP were associated with CVD across older age.
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Erin Clark (erin.clark@oregonstate.edu) on 2014-12-23T21:42:34Z No. of bitstreams: 2 OddenMichellePHHSRiskFactorsCardiovascular.pdf: 613685 bytes, checksum: 8dcc7f56d4e0fef491defbe04013e7a0 (MD5) OddenMichellePHHSRiskFactorsCardiovascular_SupplementaryData.zip: 387201 bytes, checksum: 7d7624453aaa48ec8ee17985dcb553ca (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Erin Clark(erin.clark@oregonstate.edu) on 2014-12-23T21:42:46Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 2 OddenMichellePHHSRiskFactorsCardiovascular.pdf: 613685 bytes, checksum: 8dcc7f56d4e0fef491defbe04013e7a0 (MD5) OddenMichellePHHSRiskFactorsCardiovascular_SupplementaryData.zip: 387201 bytes, checksum: 7d7624453aaa48ec8ee17985dcb553ca (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2014-12-23T21:42:46Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 2 OddenMichellePHHSRiskFactorsCardiovascular.pdf: 613685 bytes, checksum: 8dcc7f56d4e0fef491defbe04013e7a0 (MD5) OddenMichellePHHSRiskFactorsCardiovascular_SupplementaryData.zip: 387201 bytes, checksum: 7d7624453aaa48ec8ee17985dcb553ca (MD5) Previous issue date: 2014-11

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