Discovery and Implications of C₂ and C₃ Perfluoroalkyl Sulfonates in Aqueous Film-Forming Foams and Groundwater Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/8w32r721n

This is an open access article published under an ACS AuthorChoice License, which permits copying and redistribution of the article or any adaptations for non-commercial purposes.

This is the publisher’s final pdf. The published article is copyrighted by American Chemical Society and can be found at:  http://pubs.acs.org/page/estlcu/about.html

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Alternative Title
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • Historically, 3M aqueous film-forming foams (AFFFs) were released at U.S. military and civilian sites to extinguish hydrocarbon-based fuel fires. To date, only C₄–C₁₀ homologues of the perfluoroalkyl sulfonic acids (PFSAs) are documented in 3M AFFFs. Perfluoroethanesulfonate (PFEtS) and perfluoropropanesulfonate (PFPrS), two ultra-short-chain PFSAs, were discovered by liquid chromatography (LC) quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Once they were identified, PFEtS and PFPrS were then quantified in five 3M AFFFs and in one groundwater sample from each of 11 U.S. military bases by LC tandem mass spectrometry. Concentrations of PFEtS and PFPrS in the five AFFFs ranged from 7 to 13 mg/L and from 120 to 270 mg/L, respectively. For the groundwater, PFEtS was quantified in 8 of the 11 samples (11–7500 ng/L) and PFPrS in all samples (19–63000 ng/L). The high water solubility, mobility, and detection frequency of these ultra-short-chain PFSAs indicate that groundwater contaminant plumes may be larger than previously believed, and their removal by conventional activated carbon will be challenging.
Resource Type
DOI
Date Available
Date Issued
Citation
  • Barzen-Hanson, K. A., & Field, J. A. (2015). Discovery and Implications of C₂ and C₃ Perfluoroalkyl Sulfonates in Aqueous Film-Forming Foams and Groundwater. Environmental Science & Technology Letters, 2(4), 95-99. doi:10.1021/acs.estlett.5b00049
Series
Rights Statement
Funding Statement (additional comments about funding)
Publisher
Peer Reviewed
Language
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2015-08-11T16:30:25Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 2 Barzen-Hanson KristaChemistryDiscoveryImplicationsC-2 C-3Perfluoroalkyl.pdf: 780099 bytes, checksum: c9b7cd003a3469efd3b0e2adbb065c16 (MD5) Barzen-Hanson KristaChemistryDiscoveryImplicationsC-2 C-3PerfluoroalkylSupportingInformation.pdf: 80582 bytes, checksum: cb36ff6907e5187b89300a2a1c3abedb (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Patricia Black (patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2015-08-11T16:30:00Z No. of bitstreams: 2 Barzen-Hanson KristaChemistryDiscoveryImplicationsC-2 C-3Perfluoroalkyl.pdf: 780099 bytes, checksum: c9b7cd003a3469efd3b0e2adbb065c16 (MD5) Barzen-Hanson KristaChemistryDiscoveryImplicationsC-2 C-3PerfluoroalkylSupportingInformation.pdf: 80582 bytes, checksum: cb36ff6907e5187b89300a2a1c3abedb (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2015-08-11T16:30:25Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 2 Barzen-Hanson KristaChemistryDiscoveryImplicationsC-2 C-3Perfluoroalkyl.pdf: 780099 bytes, checksum: c9b7cd003a3469efd3b0e2adbb065c16 (MD5) Barzen-Hanson KristaChemistryDiscoveryImplicationsC-2 C-3PerfluoroalkylSupportingInformation.pdf: 80582 bytes, checksum: cb36ff6907e5187b89300a2a1c3abedb (MD5) Previous issue date: 2015-04

Relationships

In Administrative Set:
Last modified: 07/26/2017 Default
Citations:

EndNote | Zotero | Mendeley