Article

 

Markers of adiposity among children and adolescents: implications of the isotemporal substitution paradigm with sedentary behavior and physical activity patterns Public Deposited

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/9593v1197

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract
  • Background The purpose of this study was to examine the association between daily movement patterns and dual energy X-ray absorptiometry-determined body fat percent (DXA-BF%) among children and adolescents while applying both traditional and novel analytical procedures. Methods Using data from the cross-sectional 2003–2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (n = 5607), physical activity was assessed via accelerometry, with the following movement patterns assessed: 1) meeting moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) guidelines and engaging in more light-intensity physical activity (LIPA) than sedentary behavior (SB); 2) meeting MVPA guidelines, but engaging in less LIPA than SB; 3) not meeting MVPA guidelines, but engaging in more LIPA than SB; and 4) not meeting MVPA guidelines and engaging in less LIPA than SB. Various markers of adiposity (e.g., DXA-BF%) were assessed. Results Children in movement pattern 1 (52 %), compared to those in movement pattern 4, had significantly lower levels of BMI (∆ 2.2 kg/m2), waist circumference (∆ 6.5 cm), tricep skinfold (∆ 4.2 mm), subscapularis skinfold (∆ 2.6 mm), android BF% (∆ 7.6 %), gynoid BF% (∆ 5.1 %), and total BF% (∆ 5.2 %). Substituting 60 min/day of SB with MVPA resulted in a 4.6 % decreased estimate of total DXA-BF%. No findings were significant for adolescents. Conclusions The low proportion of children engaging in ≥ 60 min/day of MVPA and accumulating relatively more LIPA than SB had the lowest DXA-BF%.
License
Resource Type
DOI
Date Available
Date Issued
Citation
Journal Volume
  • Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders
Journal Issue/Number
  • 14
Academic Affiliation
Rights Statement
Publisher
Peer Reviewed
Language
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Open Access (openaccess@library.oregonstate.edu) on 2017-11-12T23:42:12Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Loprinzi et al_Isotemporal Substitution Paradigm_JDMD 2015.pdf: 438825 bytes, checksum: e62bc5f9b3124aeca8127861b203f9bb (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Steven Van Tuyl(steve.vantuyl@oregonstate.edu) on 2017-11-15T19:02:24Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 2 Brad.Cardinal@oregonstate.edu34268858.zip: 415310 bytes, checksum: 52e53ba76f753bce237e2286c7b8dcfa (MD5) Loprinzi et al_Isotemporal Substitution Paradigm_JDMD 2015.pdf: 438825 bytes, checksum: e62bc5f9b3124aeca8127861b203f9bb (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2017-11-15T19:02:24Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 2 Brad.Cardinal@oregonstate.edu34268858.zip: 415310 bytes, checksum: 52e53ba76f753bce237e2286c7b8dcfa (MD5) Loprinzi et al_Isotemporal Substitution Paradigm_JDMD 2015.pdf: 438825 bytes, checksum: e62bc5f9b3124aeca8127861b203f9bb (MD5)

Relationships

Parents:

This work has no parents.

Items