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https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/9s161780c

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  • The Bering Sea is a highly productive ecosystem with abundant prey populations in the summer that support some of the largest seabird colonies in the Northern Hemisphere. In the fall, the Bering Sea is used by large numbers of migrants and post-breeding seabirds. We used over 22000 km of vessel-based surveys carried out during summer (June to July) and fall (late August to October) from 2008 to 2010 over the southeast Bering Sea to examine annual and seasonal changes in seabird communities and spatial relationships with concurrently sampled prey. Deep-diving murres Uria spp., shallow-diving shearwaters Ardenna spp., and surface-foraging northern fulmars Fulmarus glacialis and kittiwakes Rissa spp. dominated summer and fall seabird communities. Seabird densities in summer were generally less than half of fall densities and species richness was lower in summer than in fall. Summer seabird densities had high interannual variation (highest in 2009), whereas fall densities varied little among years. Seabirds were more spatially clustered around breeding colonies and the outer continental shelf in the summer and then dispersed throughout the middle and inner shelf in fall. In summer, the abundance of age-1 walleye pollock Gadus chalcogrammus along with spatial (latitude and longitude) and temporal (year) variables best explained broad-scale seabird distribution. In contrast, seabirds in fall had weaker associations with spatial and temporal variables and stronger associations with different prey species or groups. Our results demonstrate seasonal shifts in the distribution and foraging patterns of seabirds in the southeastern Bering Sea with a greater dependence on prey occurring over the middle and inner shelf in fall.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2016-06-23T18:11:01Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 3 license_rdf: 1370 bytes, checksum: cd1af5ab51bcc7a5280cf305303530e9 (MD5) SuryanTemporalShiftsSeabird.pdf: 1270229 bytes, checksum: 0c96ccdeca176b148c54c1cc190692d6 (MD5) SuryanTemporalShiftsSeabirdSupplement.pdf: 3814016 bytes, checksum: c189a8e8dfc128d0cdb5ce9ae68997c7 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2016-06-23T18:11:01Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 3 license_rdf: 1370 bytes, checksum: cd1af5ab51bcc7a5280cf305303530e9 (MD5) SuryanTemporalShiftsSeabird.pdf: 1270229 bytes, checksum: 0c96ccdeca176b148c54c1cc190692d6 (MD5) SuryanTemporalShiftsSeabirdSupplement.pdf: 3814016 bytes, checksum: c189a8e8dfc128d0cdb5ce9ae68997c7 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2016-05-10
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Patricia Black (patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2016-06-23T18:10:26Z No. of bitstreams: 3 license_rdf: 1370 bytes, checksum: cd1af5ab51bcc7a5280cf305303530e9 (MD5) SuryanTemporalShiftsSeabird.pdf: 1270229 bytes, checksum: 0c96ccdeca176b148c54c1cc190692d6 (MD5) SuryanTemporalShiftsSeabirdSupplement.pdf: 3814016 bytes, checksum: c189a8e8dfc128d0cdb5ce9ae68997c7 (MD5)

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