Constraints on past plate and mantle motion from new ages for the Hawaiian-Emperor Seamount Chain Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/9w032483f

This is the publisher’s final pdf. The published article is copyrighted by the American Geophysical Union and can be found at:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/%28ISSN%291525-2027.

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  • Estimates of the relative motion between the Hawaiian and Louisville hot spots have consequences for understanding the role and character of deep Pacific-mantle return flow. The relative motion between these primary hot spots can be inferred by comparing the age records for their seamount trails. We report ⁴⁰Ar/³⁹Ar ages for 18 lavas from 10 seamounts along the Hawaiian-Emperor Seamount Chain (HESC), showing that volcanism started in the sharp portion of the Hawaiian-Emperor Bend (HEB) at ≥47.5 Ma and continued for ≥5 Myr. The slope of the along-track distance from the currently active Hawaiian hot spot plotted versus age is constant (57 ± 2 km/Myr) between ~57 and 25 Ma in the central ~1900 km of the seamount chain, including the HEB. This model predicts an age for the oldest Emperor Seamounts that matches published ages, implying that a linear age-distance relationship might extend back to at least 82 Ma. In contrast, Hawaiian age progression was much faster since at least ~15 Ma and possibly as early as ~27 Ma. Linear age-distance relations for the Hawaii-Emperor and Louisville seamount chains predict ~300 km overall hot spot relative motion between 80 and 47.5 Ma, in broad agreement with numerical models of plumes in a convecting mantle, and paleomagnetic data. We show that a change in hot spot relative motion may also have occurred between ~55 Ma and ~50 Ma. We interpret this change in hot spot motion as evidence that the HEB reflects a combination of hot spot and plate motion changes driven by the same plate/mantle reorganization.
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  • O'Connor, J. M., B. Steinberger, M. Regelous, A. A. P. Koppers, J. R. Wijbrans, K. M. Haase, P. Stoffers, W. Jokat, and D. Garbe-Schönberg (2013), Constraints on past plate and mantle motion from new ages for the Hawaiian-Emperor Seamount Chain, Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 14, 4564–4584. doi:10.1002/ggge.20267
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Erin Clark(erin.clark@oregonstate.edu) on 2014-05-05T18:25:19Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 2 KoppersAnthonyCEOASConstraintsPastPlate.pdf: 1903810 bytes, checksum: 23f409b65198e5fca6722dfafc99e0b0 (MD5) KoppersAnthonyCEOASConstraintsPastPlate_SupportingInformation.zip: 1541395 bytes, checksum: c7b568def5f000ab0dc442fef3f16824 (MD5)
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