Effect of multiple lateral cavities on stream solute transport under non-Fickian conditions and at the Fickian asymptote Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/b5644t332

To the best of our knowledge, one or more authors of this paper were federal employees when contributing to this work. This is the publisher’s final pdf. The published article is copyrighted by Elsevier and can be found at:  http://www.journals.elsevier.com/journal-of-hydrology.

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • In field studies of solute transport, transient storage within lateral cavities and other stream features generates breakthrough curves (BTCs) with pronounced and persistent skewness. Current solute transport theory requires that the coefficient of skewness (CSK) decrease over time because the system eventually reaches Fickian conditions. However, published data show that CSK is constant in time. To aid development of solute transport theory that explains field observations, we quantify the effect of lateral cavities on solute transport under non-Fickian and Fickian conditions. Six hydrodynamics models were developed: one with no lateral cavities, three with lateral cavities in series, and two with lateral cavities in parallel. Results reveal that lateral cavities in series have longer tails and smaller peak concentrations compared to lateral cavities in parallel. Lateral cavities in series cause greater dispersion and require larger distances to reach Fickian conditions (x[subscript Fick]) compared to lateral cavities in parallel. Cavity configuration has a greater influence on longitudinal dispersion and x[subscript Fick] than the number of cavities present. CSK changes with monitoring location and maximum CSK (= 10–20) near lateral cavities is higher than empirical estimates (≈1.18). We postulate that adding more transient storage zones would increase channel complexity and yield closer results between simulated and empirical CSK, and testing this hypothesis warrants future research. Finally, while current models can obtain good fits to measured BTCs by parameterizing mass exchange rates and volume ratios, these parameters do not adequately describe the fundamental fluid mechanics driving exchange.
Resource Type
DOI
Date Available
Date Issued
Citation
  • Jackson, T. R., Apte, S. V., & Haggerty, R. (2014). Effect of multiple lateral cavities on stream solute transport under non-Fickian conditions and at the Fickian asymptote. Journal of Hydrology, 519, 1707-1722. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.09.036
Series
Keyword
Rights Statement
Funding Statement (additional comments about funding)
Publisher
Peer Reviewed
Language
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Erin Clark(erin.clark@oregonstate.edu) on 2015-01-28T00:01:51Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 JacksonTracieCEOASEffectMultipleLateral.pdf: 2462208 bytes, checksum: 49d2edeeb48654f9c565355f4a6d5f12 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Erin Clark (erin.clark@oregonstate.edu) on 2015-01-28T00:01:26Z No. of bitstreams: 1 JacksonTracieCEOASEffectMultipleLateral.pdf: 2462208 bytes, checksum: 49d2edeeb48654f9c565355f4a6d5f12 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2015-01-28T00:01:51Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 JacksonTracieCEOASEffectMultipleLateral.pdf: 2462208 bytes, checksum: 49d2edeeb48654f9c565355f4a6d5f12 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2014-11-27

Relationships

Parents:

This work has no parents.

Last modified

Downloadable Content

Download PDF

Items