The cost of multiple sclerosis drugs in the US and the pharmaceutical industry: Too big to fail? Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/cf95jd15r

CORRECTIONS: In the article “The cost of multiple sclerosis drugs in the US and the pharmaceutical industry: Too big to fail?” by D.M. Hartung et al. (Neurology® 2015;84:2185–2192), there is an error in table 1. Columns 5–7 should have been labeled “cumulative percent change per year” rather than “annualized changes.” The authors regret the error. Correction is attached as a separate pdf.

This is the publisher’s final pdf. The article is published by Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins and copyrighted by American Academy of Neurology. The published article can be found at:  http://www.neurology.org/

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  • Objective: To examine the pricing trajectories in the United States of disease-modifying therapies (DMT) for multiple sclerosis (MS) over the last 20 years and assess the influences on rising prices. Methods: We estimated the trend in annual drug costs for 9 DMTs using published drug pricing data from 1993 to 2013. We compared changes in DMT costs to general and prescription drug inflation during the same period. We also compared the cost trajectories for first-generation MS DMTs interferon (IFN)–β-1b, IFN-β-1a IM, and glatiramer acetate with contemporaneously approved biologic tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors. Results: First-generation DMTs, originally costing $8,000 to $11,000, now cost about $60,000 per year. Costs for these agents have increased annually at rates 5 to 7 times higher than prescription drug inflation. Newer DMTs commonly entered the market with a cost 25%–60% higher than existing DMTs. Significant increases in the cost trajectory of the first-generation DMTs occurred following the Food and Drug Administration approvals of IFN-β-1a SC (2002) and natalizumab (reintroduced 2006) and remained high following introduction of fingolimod (2010). Similar changes did not occur with TNF inhibitor biologics during these time intervals. DMT costs in the United States currently are 2 to 3 times higher than in other comparable countries. Conclusions: MS DMT costs have accelerated at rates well beyond inflation and substantially above rates observed for drugs in a similar biologic class. There is an urgent need for clinicians, payers, and manufacturers in the United States to confront the soaring costs of DMTs.
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  • Hartung, D. M., Bourdette, D. N., Ahmed, S. M., & Whitham, R. H. (2015). The cost of multiple sclerosis drugs in the US and the pharmaceutical industry Too big to fail?. Neurology, 84(21), 2185-2192. doi:10.1212/WNL.0000000000001608
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Patricia Black (patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2015-12-01T19:57:49Z No. of bitstreams: 5 license_rdf: 1232 bytes, checksum: bb87e2fb4674c76d0d2e9ed07fbb9c86 (MD5) HartungDanielPharmacyCostMulitpleSclerosis.pdf: 895740 bytes, checksum: c9ead764f8d882269951495f84301c33 (MD5) HartungDanielPharmacyCostMulitpleSclerosis(Correction).pdf: 154701 bytes, checksum: 8a04a7ae7c3e587f98ccf843641801d5 (MD5) HartungDanielPharmacyCostMulitpleSclerosisSupplementaryAppendix.pdf: 116709 bytes, checksum: 38722a544d0e6dfa596c79a240a93fc3 (MD5) HartungDanielPharmacyCostMulitpleSclerosis(Podcast).mp3: 43491854 bytes, checksum: 2695e715ceb2455705990b89cca05b7d (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2015-12-01T19:58:24Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 5 license_rdf: 1232 bytes, checksum: bb87e2fb4674c76d0d2e9ed07fbb9c86 (MD5) HartungDanielPharmacyCostMulitpleSclerosis.pdf: 895740 bytes, checksum: c9ead764f8d882269951495f84301c33 (MD5) HartungDanielPharmacyCostMulitpleSclerosis(Correction).pdf: 154701 bytes, checksum: 8a04a7ae7c3e587f98ccf843641801d5 (MD5) HartungDanielPharmacyCostMulitpleSclerosisSupplementaryAppendix.pdf: 116709 bytes, checksum: 38722a544d0e6dfa596c79a240a93fc3 (MD5) HartungDanielPharmacyCostMulitpleSclerosis(Podcast).mp3: 43491854 bytes, checksum: 2695e715ceb2455705990b89cca05b7d (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2015-12-01T19:58:24Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 5 license_rdf: 1232 bytes, checksum: bb87e2fb4674c76d0d2e9ed07fbb9c86 (MD5) HartungDanielPharmacyCostMulitpleSclerosis.pdf: 895740 bytes, checksum: c9ead764f8d882269951495f84301c33 (MD5) HartungDanielPharmacyCostMulitpleSclerosis(Correction).pdf: 154701 bytes, checksum: 8a04a7ae7c3e587f98ccf843641801d5 (MD5) HartungDanielPharmacyCostMulitpleSclerosisSupplementaryAppendix.pdf: 116709 bytes, checksum: 38722a544d0e6dfa596c79a240a93fc3 (MD5) HartungDanielPharmacyCostMulitpleSclerosis(Podcast).mp3: 43491854 bytes, checksum: 2695e715ceb2455705990b89cca05b7d (MD5) Previous issue date: 2015-05-26

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