The Complete Mitochondrial Genome of the Geophilomorph Centipede Strigamia maritima Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/cr56n289b

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  • Strigamia maritima (Myriapoda; Chilopoda) is a species from the soil-living order of geophilomorph centipedes. The Geophilomorpha is the most speciose order of centipedes with over a 1000 species described. They are notable for their large number of appendage bearing segments and are being used as a laboratory model to study the embryological process of segmentation within the myriapods. Using a scaffold derived from the recently published genome of Strigamia maritima that contained multiple mitochondrial protein-coding genes, here we report the complete mitochondrial genome of Strigamia, the first from any geophilomorph centipede. The mitochondrial genome of S. maritima is a circular molecule of 14,938 base pairs, within which we could identify the typical mitochondrial genome complement of 13 protein-coding genes and 2 ribosomal RNA genes. Sequences resembling 16 of the 22 transfer RNA genes typical of metazoan mitochondrial genomes could be identified, many of which have clear deviations from the standard ‘cloverleaf’ secondary structures of tRNA. Phylogenetic trees derived from the concatenated alignment of protein-coding genes of S. maritima and >50 other metazoans were unable to resolve the Myriapoda as monophyletic, but did support a monophyletic group of chilopods: Strigamia was resolved as the sister group of the scolopendromorph Scolopocryptos sp. and these two (Geophilomorpha and Scolopendromorpha), along with the Lithobiomorpha, formed a monophyletic group the Pleurostigmomorpha. Gene order within the S. maritima mitochondrial genome is unique compared to any other arthropod or metazoan mitochondrial genome to which it has been compared. The highly unusual organisation of the mitochondrial genome of Strigamia maritima is in striking contrast with the conservatively evolving nuclear genome: sampling of more members of this order of centipedes will be required to see whether this unusual organization is typical of the Geophilomorpha or results from a more recent reorganisation in the lineage leading to Strigamia.
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  • Robertson, H. E., Lapraz, F., Rhodes, A. C., & Telford, M. J. (2015). The Complete Mitochondrial Genome of the Geophilomorph Centipede Strigamia maritima. PLoS ONE, 10(3), e0121369. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0121369
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  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2015-05-01T19:01:31Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 3 license_rdf: 1370 bytes, checksum: cd1af5ab51bcc7a5280cf305303530e9 (MD5) RhodesAdelaideGenomeResearchBiocompCompleteMitochondrial.pdf: 1206651 bytes, checksum: 10b975fd6b1869181e82a91a33f7d060 (MD5) RhodesAdelaideGenomeResearchBiocompCompleteMitochondrial_SupportingInformation.zip: 176332 bytes, checksum: 649a1a2531d59e433269f591f4427fd5 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2015-03-20
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