Correcting artifacts in transition to a wound optic fiber: Example from high-resolution temperature profiling in the Dead Sea Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/cv43p2187

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  • Spatial resolution fiber-optic cables allow for detailed observation of thermally complex heterogeneous hydrologic systems. A commercially produced high spatial resolution helically wound optic fiber sensing cable is employed in the Dead Sea, in order to study the dynamics of thermal stratification of the hypersaline lake. Structured spatial artifacts were found in the data from the first 10 m of cable (110 m of fiber length) following the transition from straight fiber optic. The Stokes and Anti-Stokes signals indicate that this is the result of differential attenuation, thought to be due to cladding losses. Though the overall spatial form of the loss was consistent, the fine structure of the loss changed significantly in time, and was strongly asymmetrical, and thus was not amenable to standard calibration methods. Employing the fact that the cable was built with a duplex construction, and using high-precision sensors mounted along the cable, it was possible to correct the artifact in space and time, while retaining the high-quality of data obtained in the early part of the cable (prior to significant optical attenuation). The defect could easily be overlooked; however, reanalyzing earlier experiments, we have observed the same issue with installations employing similar cables in Oregon and France, so with this note we both alert the community to this persistent concern and provide an approach to correct the data in case of similar problems.
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  • Arnon, A., J. Selker, and N. Lensky (2014). Correcting artifacts in transition to a wound optic fiber: Example from high-resolution temperature profiling in the Dead Sea. Water Resources Research, 50(6), 5329–5333. doi:10.1002/2013WR014910
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