Systematic Temporal Patterns in the Relationship Between Housing Development and Forest Bird Biodiversity Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/cz30pv67m

To the best of our knowledge, one or more authors of this paper were federal employees when contributing to this work. This is the publisher’s final pdf. The article is copyrighted by the Society for Conservation Biology and published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. It can be found at:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/%28ISSN%291523-1739.

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • As people encroach increasingly on natural areas, one question is how this affects avian biodiversity. The answer to this is partly scale-dependent. At broad scales, human populations and biodiversity concentrate in the same areas and are positively associated, but at local scales people and biodiversity are negatively associated with biodiversity. We investigated whether there is also a systematic temporal trend in the relationship between bird biodiversity and housing development. We used linear regression to examine associations between forest bird species richness and housing growth in the conterminous United States over 30 years. Our data sources were the North American Breeding Bird Survey and the 2000 decennial U.S. Census. In the 9 largest forested ecoregions, housing density increased continually over time. Across the conterminous United States, the association between bird species richness and housing density was positive for virtually all guilds except ground nesting birds. We found a systematic trajectory of declining bird species richness as housing increased through time. In more recently developed ecoregions, where housing density was still low, the association with bird species richness was neutral or positive. In ecoregions that were developed earlier and where housing density was highest, the association of housing density with bird species richness for most guilds was negative and grew stronger with advancing decades. We propose that in general the relationship between human settlement and biodiversity over time unfolds as a 2-phase process. The first phase is apparently innocuous; associations are positive due to coincidence of low-density housing with high biodiversity. The second phase is highly detrimental to biodiversity, and increases in housing density are associated with biodiversity losses. The long-term effect on biodiversity depends on the final housing density. This general pattern can help unify our understanding of the relationship of human encroachment and biodiversity response.
Resource Type
DOI
Date Available
Date Issued
Citation
  • Pidgeon, A. M., Flather, C. H., Radeloff, V. C., Lepczyk, C. A., Keuler, N. S., Wood, E. M., Stewart, S. I. and Hammer, R. B. (2014). Systematic Temporal Patterns in the Relationship Between Housing Development and Forest Bird Biodiversity. Conservation Biology, 28(5), 1291–1301. doi:10.1111/cobi.12291
Series
Keyword
Rights Statement
Funding Statement (additional comments about funding)
Publisher
Peer Reviewed
Language
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2014-11-03T20:20:24Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 2 HammerRogerSociologySystematicTemporalPatterns.pdf: 1507103 bytes, checksum: 9afc8000d9732c8451764ff64fa795f6 (MD5) HammerRogerSociologySystematicTemporalPatterns_AppendixS1-S7.zip: 9764950 bytes, checksum: 46043f2c97e46f7c3ccce2a0b64df083 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2014-10
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Erin Clark (erin.clark@oregonstate.edu) on 2014-11-03T20:20:05Z No. of bitstreams: 2 HammerRogerSociologySystematicTemporalPatterns.pdf: 1507103 bytes, checksum: 9afc8000d9732c8451764ff64fa795f6 (MD5) HammerRogerSociologySystematicTemporalPatterns_AppendixS1-S7.zip: 9764950 bytes, checksum: 46043f2c97e46f7c3ccce2a0b64df083 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Erin Clark(erin.clark@oregonstate.edu) on 2014-11-03T20:20:24Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 2 HammerRogerSociologySystematicTemporalPatterns.pdf: 1507103 bytes, checksum: 9afc8000d9732c8451764ff64fa795f6 (MD5) HammerRogerSociologySystematicTemporalPatterns_AppendixS1-S7.zip: 9764950 bytes, checksum: 46043f2c97e46f7c3ccce2a0b64df083 (MD5)

Relationships

In Administrative Set:
Last modified: 07/27/2017 Default
Citations:

EndNote | Zotero | Mendeley

Items