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Spring cold hardiness under strong genetic control in Oregon populations of Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii Public Deposited

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  • Genetic variation in spring cold hardiness of shoots prior to bud break was studied in two Oregon breeding populations of Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii (Mirb.) Franco, one on the west slope of the Cascade Mountains and the other in the Coast Range. In March and April 1993, and April 1994, shoot cuttings from 40 open-pollinated families in each of two progeny test sites in each breeding zone were subjected to artificial freezing. Visible cold damage to needle, stem, and bud tissues was recorded. Date of bud burst (all sites), and injury resulting from a 1992 natural frost event (one site), were also recorded. Spring cold injury varied widely among families. Individual heritabilities for spring cold injury scores averaged 0.76 in the Coastal zone and 0.42 in the Cascade zone. Genetic correlations among tissues, sites, sampling dates, and years, and between April cold injury and date of bud burst were high, in most cases over 0.80. Correlations were also strong between natural frost damage in 1992 and artificial cold injury scores in 1993. Artificial freeze testing stem tissues of cut shoots sampled in April from a single test site should effectively rank families in this region for spring cold hardiness.
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  • Aitken, S.N., and W.T. Adams. 1997. Spring cold hardiness under strong genetic control in Oregon populations of Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 27(11): 1773-1780
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  • 27
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