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Production and partitioning of organic matter during simulated phytoplankton blooms Public Deposited

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  • Few studies have examined the partitioning of organic matter in upwelling systems, despite the fact that these systems play a key role in carbon and nitrogen budgets in the ocean. We examined the production and partitioning of phytoplankton-derived organic matter in deck incubations off Oregon during the upwelling season. During exponential growth of the phytoplankton, ≥78% of total accumulated organic matter was in particulate (POM) form. This suggests that dissolved organic matter (DOM) is a small fraction of primary production during the exponential growth of coastal phytoplankton blooms. After nitrate depletion, carbon-rich (C:N ≥ 16) DOM accumulated in incubations dominated by the diatom Chaetoceros sp., accounting for 38% (±8.5%) of accumulated total organic carbon (TOC) and 24% (±8%) of accumulated total organic nitrogen (TON). However, in a bloom dominated by the diatom Leptocylindrus minimus, a relatively smaller amount of DOM accumulated, accounting for only 15% of accumulated TOC and 7% of accumulated TON. On the basis of measured concentrations of nitrate and accumulated TOC, ~70%–157% more carbon was fixed than would be predicted by Redfield stoichiometry (referred to as "excess carbon fixation"), with 20%–69% of the excess carbon fixation occurring after nitrate depletion. The accumulation of carbon-rich DOM and excess carbon fixation suggests that nitrate assimilation (i.e., new production) might not equate to net production of POM in coastal upwelling systems.
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  • Wetz, Michael S. Wheeler, Patricia A., ( 2003), Production and partitioning of organic matter during simulated phytoplankton blooms, Limnology and Oceanography, 5, doi: 10.4319/lo.2003.48.5.1808.
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  • 48
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  • 5
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  • This research was supported by a NASA Space Grant graduate research fellowship to M.S.W. and National Science Foundation grant OCE-9907854 to P.A.W.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Linda Lamb(llamb@coas.oregonstate.edu) on 2009-10-05T15:05:12Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 Wetz&Wheeler 2004.pdf: 261323 bytes, checksum: bf2965cacd95a006d8d3c0c5bbc842ae (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2009-10-05T15:05:12Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Wetz&Wheeler 2004.pdf: 261323 bytes, checksum: bf2965cacd95a006d8d3c0c5bbc842ae (MD5) Previous issue date: 2003
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Linda Lamb (llamb@coas.oregonstate.edu) on 2009-10-04T21:23:38Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Wetz&Wheeler 2004.pdf: 261323 bytes, checksum: bf2965cacd95a006d8d3c0c5bbc842ae (MD5)
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  • 0024-3590

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