Protected Area Effectiveness in European Russia: A Postmatching Panel Data Analysis

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  • We estimate the impact of strict and multiple use protected areas on forest disturbance in European Russia between 1985 and 2010. We construct a spatial panel dataset that includes five periods of change. We match protected areas to control observations and compare coefficients from fixed versus random effects models. We find that protected areas have few statistically significant impacts on disturbance, with little difference across parks closer to or farther from major cities or roads. Random effects estimates differ qualitatively and quantitatively from fixed effects in our study, serving as a cautionary note for evaluations where time-invariant unobservables are important.
  • This is an author's peer-reviewed final manuscript, as accepted by the publisher. The published article is copyrighted by the Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System and published by the the University of Wisconsin Press. It can be found at:
  • Keywords: matching, program evaluation, protected areas, Russia, forest disturbance, logging
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  • Wendland, K. J., Baumann, M., Lewis, D. J., Sieber, A., & Radeloff, V. C. (2015). Protected Area Effectiveness in European Russia: A Postmatching Panel Data Analysis. Land Economics, 91(1), 149-168.
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  • 91
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  • 1
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  • The authors gratefully acknowledge support from NASA’s Land-Cover and Land-Use Change Program (Project Number: NNX08AK776), the German Science Foundation (DFG) (LUCC-BIO Project, Number: 32103109) and the Einstein Foundation Berlin.
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