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Forcing and variability of nonstationary rip currents Public Deposited

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  • urface wave transformation and the resulting nearshore circulation along a section of coast with strong alongshore bathymetric gradients outside the surf zone are modeled for a consecutive 4 week time period. The modeled hydrodynamics are compared to in situ measurements of waves and currents collected during the Nearshore Canyon Experiment and indicate that for the entire range of observed conditions, the model performance is similar to other studies along this stretch of coast. Strong alongshore wave height gradients generate rip currents that are observed by remote sensing data and predicted qualitatively well by the numerical model. Previous studies at this site have used idealized scenarios to link the rip current locations to undulations in the offshore bathymetry but do not explain the dichotomy between permanent offshore bathymetric features and intermittent rip current development. Model results from the month-long simulation are used to track the formation and location of rip currents using hourly statistics, and results show that the direction of the incoming wave energy strongly controls whether rip currents form. In particular, most of the offshore wave spectra were bimodal and we find that the ratio of energy contained in each mode dictates rip current development, and the alongshore rip current position is controlled by the incident wave period. Additionally, model simulations performed with and without updating the nearshore morphology yield no significant change in the accuracy of the predicted surf zone hydrodyanmics indicating that the large-scale offshore features (e.g., submarine canyon) predominately control the nearshore wave-circulation system.
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  • Long, J. W., & Özkan‐Haller, H. T. (2016). Forcing and variability of nonstationary rip currents. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121(1), 520-539. doi:10.1002/2015JC010990
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  • 121
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  • 1
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  • This research was sponsored by the Office of Naval Research, Littoral Geosciences and Optics Program under grant N00014-02-1-0198 and the U.S. Geological Survey Coastal and Marine Geology Program.
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