Constraining surface carbon fluxes using in situ measurements of carbonyl sulfide and carbon dioxide Public Deposited

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  • Understanding the processes that control the terrestrial exchange of carbon is critical for assessing atmospheric CO₂ budgets. Carbonyl sulfide (COS) is taken up by vegetation during photosynthesis following a pathway that mirrors CO₂ but has a small or nonexistent emission component, providing a possible tracer for gross primary production. Field measurements of COS and CO₂ mixing ratios were made in forest, senescent grassland, and riparian ecosystems using a laser absorption spectrometer installed in a mobile trailer. Measurements of leaf fluxes with a branch-bag gas-exchange system were made across species from 10 genera of trees, and soil fluxes were measured with a flow-through chamber. These data show (1) the existence of a narrow normalized daytime uptake ratio of COS to CO₂ across vascular plant species of 1.7, providing critical information for the application of COS to estimate photosynthetic CO₂ fluxes and (2) a temperature-dependent normalized uptake ratio of COS to CO₂ from soils. Significant nighttime uptake of COS was observed in broad-leafed species and revealed active stomatal opening prior to sunrise. Continuous high-resolution joint measurements of COS and CO₂ concentrations in the boundary layer are used here alongside the flux measurements to partition the influence that leaf and soil fluxes and entrainment of air from above have on the surface carbon budget. The results provide a number of critical constraints on the processes that control surface COS exchange, which can be used to diagnose the robustness of global models that are beginning to use COS to constrain terrestrial carbon exchange.
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  • Berkelhammer, M., D. Asaf, C. Still, S. Montzka, D. Noone, M. Gupta, R. Provencal, H. Chen, and D. Yakir (2014), Constraining surface carbon fluxes using in situ measurements of carbonyl sulfide and carbon dioxide. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 28, 161–179. doi:10.1002/2013GB004644
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  • 28
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  • 2
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  • Support for the work was from the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences Innovative Research Program and NSF AGS-0955841 to D.N. D.Y. contributed through support from the CIRES Visiting Fellows Program. D.A. was supported through a postdoctoral fellowship from the Israeli Science Foundation. LGR would like to acknowledge funding from NASA through the Small Business Innovation Program grant NNX12CD21P.
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