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Electromechanical strain and bipolar fatigue in Bi(Mg1/2Ti1/2)O3-(Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3-(Bi1/2Na1/2)TiO3 ceramics Public Deposited

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https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/g445cd848

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  • Lead-free ceramics of composition Bi(Mg₁/₂Ti₁/₂)O₃-(Bi₁/₂K₁/₂)TiO₃-(Bi₁/₂Na₁/₂)TiO₃ were prepared using solid state synthesis techniques. The dielectric spectra showed a Tmax of more than 320 °C for all compositions, and the transitions became increasingly diffuse as the Bi(Mg₁/₂Ti₁/₂)O₃ content increased. A lower temperature transition, indicating a transformation from an ergodic to a non-ergodic relaxor state, was also seen for all compositions, and this transition temperature decreased as the mole fraction of Bi(Mg₁/₂Ti₁/₂)O₃ increased. The composition with 1% Bi(Mg₁/₂Ti₁/₂)O₃ showed characteristic ferroelectric-like polarization and strain hysteresis. However, compositions with increased Bi(Mg₁/₂Ti₁/₂)O₃ content became increasingly ergodic at room temperature with pinched polarization loops and no negative strain. Among these compositions, the magnitude of d₃₃* increased with Bi(Mg₁/₂Ti₁/₂)O₃ content, and the composition with 10% Bi(Mg₁/₂Ti₁/₂)O₃ exhibited a d₃₃* of 422 pm/V. Fatigue measurements were conducted on all compositions and while the 1% Bi(Mg₁/₂Ti₁/₂)O₃ composition exhibited a measurable, but small loss in maximum strain after a million cycles; all the other compositions from 2.5% to 10% Bi(Mg₁/₂Ti₁/₂)O₃ were essentially fatigue-free. Lastly, optical and alternating current impedance measurements were employed to identify intrinsic conduction as the dominant conduction mechanism. These compositions were also highly insulating with high resistivities (~10⁷ Ω-cm) at high temperatures (440 °C).
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  • Kumar, N., & Cann, D. P. (2013). Electromechanical strain and bipolar fatigue in bi(Mg1/2Ti1/2)O3-(Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3-(Bi1/2Na1/2)TiO3 ceramics. Journal of Applied Physics, 114(5), 054102-054102-6. doi:10.1063/1.4817524
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  • 114
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